Chapter 16



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Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Shekinah = a visible manifestation of the presence of God. Although the word is not found in the Bible, it occurs frequently in later Jewish writings. It refers to the instances when God showed Himself visibly, as, for example, on Mount Sinai (Exo 24: 9-18) and in the Holy of Holies of the tabernacle and in Solomon’s Temple. The Shekinah was a luminous cloud which rested above the altar in the place of worship and lit up the room. When the Babylonians destroyed the Temple, the Shekinah glory vanished. There was no Shekinah in the temples rebuilt later under Zerubbabel and Herod.

1.       (1 Kin 8:10,11)  And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD.

2.       (Psa 19:1)  To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament showeth his handiwork.

3.       (2 Cor 4:6)  For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness [Gen 1:3], hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

4.       (Rev 21:10,11)  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

5.       (Rev 21:23)  And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.  


(John 17:1-5)  These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify [to render glorious: honor, magnify] thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal [perpetual: for ever, everlasting] life to as many as thou hast given him [1st mention]. And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent [set apart, i.e. (by impl.) to send out (prop. on a mission)]. I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

1.       glorify = Gk: to render or esteem glorious:--(make) glorify (-ious), full of (have) glory, honour, magnify /// glory (as very apparent):--dignity, glory (-ious), honour, praise, worship.

2.       glorify = Dict: 1. to magnify with praise; extol. 2. to transform into something more splendid. 3. to make glorious; invest with glory. 4. to promote the glory of (God); ascribe glory and praise in adoration to (God).

3.       glory = Dict: 1. exalted praise, honor, or distinction, accorded by common assent: paths of glory. 2. something that makes honored or illustrious; a distinguished ornament; an object of pride. 3. adoring praise or thanksgiving: give glory to God. 4. resplendent beauty or magnificence: the glory of God. 5. state of splendor, magnificence or greatest prosperity. 6. the splendor and bliss of heaven; heaven. 7. a ring, circle, or surrounding radiance of light represented about the head or the whole figure of a sacred person, as Christ, a saint, etc.; a halo, nimbus, or aureole. 8. to exult with triumph; rejoice proudly. 9. to be boastful; exult arrogantly. –Syn: 1. fame, eminence. 5. grandeur, pomp. –Ant: 1. disgrace.

4.       (John 1:1-5)  In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. [ref. 2 Cor 4:6]

5.       light = Gk: phos; (to shine or make manifest, espec. by rays); luminousness (in the widest application, nat. or artificial, abstr. or concr., lit. or fig.):--fire, light.

6.       (Rom 8:16-19)  The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together [with Him]. For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. [ref. 1 Kin 8:11]

7.       (1 Cor 15:41)  There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.


(John 17:6-8)  I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me [2nd mention] out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me [3rd mention]; and they have kept thy word. Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee. For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.

1.       kept = Gk: (a watch); to guard (from loss or injury, prop. by keeping the eye upon); i.e. to note (fig. to fulfil a command); (fig. to maintain); (fig. to keep unmarried):--hold fast, keep (-er), (ob-, pre-, re) serve, watch.

2.       received = Gk: to take (prop. obj. or act., to get hold of):--accept, attain, catch, have, hold, obtain, receive, take (away, up).

3.       believed = Gk: to have faith in (upon), i.e. credit; by impl. to entrust (espec. one's spiritual well-being to Christ):--believe (-r), commit (to trust), put in trust with.

4.       Commentary: Three degrees of glory, i.e. intimacy. God’s perceptible glory relates to His/our intimacy, as exemplified by our entrance into Solomon’s Temple and the Shekinah, our entrance into the bosom of Father God (bosom = Dict: the enclosure formed by the breast and arms; affectionate embrace). Please note that each degree of intimacy is introduced by the phrase “and they have.” “And they have 1. kept… 2. received… 3. believed….” Synonyms of intimacy in application but not in order are three ascending degrees of familiarity, three ascending degrees of closeness, three ascending degrees of understanding, three ascending degrees of relationship, three ascending degrees of confidence. Each of the three positions of intimacy is accompanied by an ascending measure of God’s glory (i.e. you get brighter). The three ascending degrees of glory or intimacy spoken of in these verses by Jesus Christ seem to correspond the terms 30 fold, 60 fold, and 100 fold, all of which describe the good fruit of “good ground” saints. Good fruit shines.

5.       (Mat 5:16)  Let your light so shine [to beam, i.e. radiate brilliancy] before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

6.       (Mat 13:43)  Then shall the righteous shine forth [to be resplendent] as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. [ref. Rom 8:18]

7.       Commentary: Each of the three positions of intimacy speak of an increasing degree of positive inter-personal amalgamation (syn: combining, blending, unification), i.e. IN LOVE WITH THE LORD – melting into each other, merging into “One.” In a very real beautiful sense, helplessly falling in love with our Lord Jesus Christ.