Chapter 50



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(Isa 3:1-3)  For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff [every kind of prop: Amplified Bible], the whole stay of bread [the Word of God – Jesus Christ - John 1:14], and the whole stay of water [the Holy Spirit]. The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent [one who foretells by divination], and the ancient, The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer [expert craftsman], and the eloquent orator.

1.       stay = Heb: mish'en; support (concr.), i.e. (fig.) a protector or sustenance /// to support one's self:--lean, lie, rely, rest (on, self).

2.       staff = Heb: mish'enah; support (abstr.), i.e. (fig.) sustenance or a walking-stick /// a support (concr.), i.e. (fig.) a protector or sustenance:--stay.

3.       The HarperCollins Study Bible: The breakdown of society. Stay and staff, the human functionaries deemed necessary to the continuity and stability of the society; bread and water represent a secondary reinterpretation.

4.       Commentary: As God has warned, the people’s sins and disobedience will bring great afflictions and destruction; ultimately, everything and everybody that the people are depending upon for their survival will be taken from them.

(Isa 3:4,5)  And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule [govern] over them. And the people shall be oppressed [driven, harassed, tyrannized], every one by another [anarchy], and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base [low] against the honourable.

1.       babes = Heb: caprice (as a fit coming on), i.e. vexation; concr. a tyrant:--babe, delusion /// to effect thoroughly; by impl. (in a bad sense) to overdo, i.e. maltreat, be saucy to, pain, impose:--abuse, affect, X child, defile, do, glean, mock.

2.       (Judg 21:25)  In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.

3.       Commentary: God will allow their competent rulers to be replaced by incompetent inexperienced naïve rulers, and the result will be social chaos, including open oppression and violence.

4.       The Full Life Study Bible: The rejection of God’s ways in a society opens the way for injustice, cruel oppression, violence, disrespect for parents by rebellious youth, and the casting off of all moral restraint. All people suffer as society disintegrates.

(Isa 3:6,7)  When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing [a covering garment], be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand [responsibility as a caretaker]: In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer [a compress; (fig.) to stop: bind up, (a bandage – I will not be the physician)]; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.

1.       Commentary: The breakdown in authority will be so great that no one will want the impossible task of being a ruler. Symbolically, in the coming days of desolation a covering garment will mark a man as one having a degree of wealth, influence, and power. Those who are too poor physically and/or spiritually to own a covering garment will come and plead with this man to be a ruler (responsible, i.e., a caretaker) over them.

(Isa 3:8,9)  For Jerusalem is ruined [cast down, decayed, fallen down, feeble, overthrown], and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory. The show of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

1.       Commentary: By their shameless, brazen sinfulness, this people has brought judgment upon themselves.

2.       The Living Bible: People lose a vital ability when they can no longer see their own sinfulness. The results are broken relationships, authority out of control, blindness to the needy, and, worst of all, forgetfulness toward God. Spiritual blindness is a matter of life and death.

3.       (2 Cor 4:4)  In whom the god of this world [Satan] hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

(Isa 3:10,11)  Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill [evil: bad] with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.

1.       The Full Life Study Bible: Isaiah was told to encourage those who remain faithful to God in the midst of an unrighteous people. Although they might suffer for righteousness’ sake now, it would ultimately go well for them and God would richly reward them. To the wicked, however, God guarantees punishment.

2.       (Job 4:8,9)  Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same. By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed.

3.       (2 Cor 9:6)  But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.

4.       (Gal 6:7,8)  Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

(Isa 3:12)  As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err [go astray, be deceived, be seduced], and destroy the way of thy paths.

1.       King James Bible Commentary: An indication of the utter failure of male leadership. The implication of this entire chapter is that when male leadership fails, it will naturally be replaced by female leadership and incompetent childish leadership. This chapter is not meant to be an indictment against women, but against the oppressive attitude of female dominance in the light of masculine weakness. Every ancient country in the world knew the necessity of strong male leadership in the face of potential war. Failure always meant eventual and certain doom.

(Isa 3:13-15)  The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people. The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard [a metaphor for God’s people]; the spoil of the poor is in your houses. What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

1.       Commentary: The elders (religious) and politicians (secular) are responsible for helping the people, but because they are unrighteous leaders, they instead defraud and fleece the people. God hates mistreatment of the less fortunate and commands that we show love, justice, and compassion in our relations with others. God commands that we “love thy neighbour as thyself” (Mat 22:39).

2.       (Eph 5:6)  Let no man deceive you with vain [empty] words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience [disbelief (obstinate and rebellious) - the root of bitterness].

3.       (Isa 13:9-13)  Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate [ruin, waste]: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine [the sixth seal: Rev 6:12]. And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible. I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir. Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

4.       (Isa 4:1-6)  And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach [disgrace: shame]. In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem: When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning. And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence. And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert [cover] from storm and from rain.


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