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(1 Sam 17:40) And
he [David] took his staff [rod, (hand) staff] in his
hand, and chose him [selected (indicating discernment)] five
smooth stones out of the brook [running water, symbolizing the
Holy Spirit], and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a
scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near [i.e. David crossed
the water] to the Philistine [Goliath].
rod = Heb: Heb: a branch (as extending); a rod, whether for chastising
(fig. correction), ruling (a scepter), or walking (a staff; fig. a
support of life, e.g. bread): rod, staff, tribe.
scepter = Dict: 1. a rod or wand borne in the hand as an emblem of regal
or imperial power. 2. royal or imperial power or authority; sovereignty. 3. to
give a scepter to; invest with authority.
“And he” = David is a biblical type of us becoming Jesus Christ; we
may therefore thoroughly identify ourselves with him. “And saviours [plural]
shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau [rough
(symbolic of the flesh)]; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S.” (Obad 21).
Previous to this moment, David was walking with the operational “the [very
specific] earnest” (2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Eph 1:14) of the Holy Spirit which is
bestowed upon us before we receive the fullness (full empowerment)
of the Holy Spirit. Two major symbolic indicators of this circumstance are
firstly that David was still a young lad or youth of perhaps fourteen or fifteen
years (immature in body and mind), and secondly that David had not yet crossed
the running waters of the brook (Joel 2:1-11: more about that later).
(1 Sam 17:33) And Saul said
to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with
him: for thou art but a youth [a boy, from the age of infancy to
adolescence: babe, boy, child, lad, young man], and he a man of war from
(1 Sam 17:42) And when the
Philistine looked about, and saw David [loving, beloved], he disdained
him [to disesteem: despise, contemptible, scorn]: for he was but a
youth, and ruddy ['admoniy, ad-mo-nee'; reddish (of the hair or
the complexion) /// 'adam; (to show blood in the face), i.e. flush or turn rosy],
and of a fair [beautiful: comely, goodly] countenance [appearance,
form, pattern, sight].
(1 Sam 17:55,56) And when
Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain
of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As
thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell [to know (to ascertain by
seeing); discern, perceive, understand]. And the king said, Inquire thou
whose son the stripling is.
stripling = Heb: something kept out of sight, i.e. a lad: young man,
stripling /// to veil from sight, i.e. conceal (lit. or fig.): X any ways,
blind, dissembler, hide (self), secret (thing).
AND CHOSE [selected] HIM
Ye have not chosen me
[selected], but I have chosen
[selected], and ordained you [appointed, purposed], that ye
should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain
[to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy): abide, continue,
dwell, endure, be present, remain, stand]: that whatsoever ye shall ask of
the Father in my name, he may give it you.
FIVE SMOOTH STONES
(versus Esau – rough)
Were those stones
always smooth? Originally smooth? How do stones become smooth?
(Eph 4:7-12) But
unto every one of us is given grace [the divine influence upon the
heart, and its reflection in the life] according to the measure [a
limited portion (degree)] of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, When he
ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
(Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the
lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up
far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.) And he gave some, apostles;
and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors
and teachers; For the perfecting [complete furnishing /// to
complete thoroughly, i.e. repair or adjust: fit, frame, mend, (make) perfect (-ly
join together), prepare, restore] of the saints, for the work [toil:
labor] of the ministry, for the edifying [architecture, a
structure: building] of the body of Christ:
(Ezek 11:19) And I will give
them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony
heart out of their flesh [a hard heart], and will give them an
heart of flesh [a soft heart]:
(John 2:6) And there were
set there six waterpots of stone [symbolic of hardhearted people],
after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three
firkins apiece [18 or 27 gallons apiece].
(Psa 127:1) A Song of
degrees for Solomon. Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain
that build it: except the LORD keep [shamar; to hedge about,
guard, protect (Gen 2:15)] the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.
apostles = Gk: a delegate; spec. an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a
commissioner of Christ (with miraculous powers): messenger, he that is sent ///
set apart, (by impl.) to send out (prop. on a mission).
prophets = Gk: a foreteller; by anal. an inspired speaker /// & /// pro;
"fore", i.e. in front of, prior (fig. superior) to /// & /// to
show or make known one's thoughts, i.e. speak or say.
evangelists = Gk: a preacher of the gospel /// to announce good news
("evangelize") espec. the gospel: declare, bring (declare, show) glad
(good) tidings, preach (the gospel).
pastors = Gk: a shepherd.
teachers = Gk: an instructor: doctor, master, teacher.
(Gen 2:15) And the LORD God
took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden [delight] to dress
it [serve, worship it] and to keep it [to hedge about,
guard, protect it].
THE BODY OF CHRIST:
GOD’S GARDEN OF DELIGHT
God’s living garden, His garden of life, His
delight, is His sheepfold, of which the garden of Eden, the ark of
Noah, the tabernacle of Moses, the temple of Solomon, the barn of Jesus Christ,
and the temple of the Holy Ghost are ascending biblical types and shadows.
God’s garden of Life (eternal) is the antitype (fulfillment) of all these
latter types. God’s Garden of Life is the living Body of Christ, of
which we are each members.
(1 Cor 12:27) Now ye
are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
God related in 1 Samuel 17:40 that David (a type of
Jesus Christ) “chose him five smooth stones out of the brook” of the Holy
Spirit. This statement clearly indicates that there were other stones
in the brook as well. What does that mean? Perhaps that the “other stones”
differed in some quality not perfectly suited for this particular job or mission
in that they were not quite as large, small, etc., or perhaps that the “other
stones” were of differing degrees of “smoothness?” There is also something
here in the comparison of light rays flowing through smooth objects versus light
rays flowing through rough objects. Perhaps all the stones in the brook,
including the stones not chosen (not purposed) for this particular
mission, were indeed either apostle stones, prophet stones, evangelist stones,
pastor stones, or teacher stones. What do you think? Praise God!
(1 Cor 15:41) There
is one glory [glory (as very apparent): dignity, glory (-ious), honour,
praise, worship] of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another
glory of the stars: for one star [i.e. a star is a giver of light]
differeth from another star in glory.