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(1 Sam 17:12-16)  Now David [loving, beloved – symbol of confessing Christianity - Jesus Christ, you and me] was the son of that Ephrathite [fruitfulness] of Bethlehemjudah [house of bread of Judah], whose name was Jesse [extant: (existing)]; and he had eight sons [“a new beginning”–Noah and his family]: and the man went among men [mortals] for an old man in the days of Saul. And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul [symbol of professing Christianity] to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. But David went and returned [withdrew] from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. And the [“uncircumcised” v. 26,36] Philistine [Goliath] drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days [symbol of testing]. [and “they were dismayed, and greatly afraid”v.11;  fear makes you powerless and immobile].

1.       (Rom 9:10-13)  And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.

2.       (1 Cor 15:45-47)  And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening [life giving] spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural [the elder]; and afterward that which is spiritual [the younger]. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.


(1 Sam 16:1-5)  And the LORD said unto Samuel [a prophet, priest, and judge of Israel], How long wilt thou mourn for Saul [a Benjamite], seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel [just like King Herod (heroic /// sight) – an Edomite]? fill thine horn with oil [anointing oil: spices Exo 30:22-26; shadow of gold, frankincense, and myrrh], and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons. And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me [rather like King Herod and the wise men]. And the LORD said, Take an heifer [a young cow; a type of the red heifer – sacrificial symbol of purification: Num 19:1-10] with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the LORD. And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee. And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled [shuddered with terror: be afraid] at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably? And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify yourselves [to set oneself apart], and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.

1.       sanctified = Heb: to be (make, or observe as) clean: appoint, bid, consecrate, dedicate, hallow, (be, keep) holy, keep, prepare, proclaim, purify, sanctify, X wholly.


(1 Sam 16:6-11)  And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab [the eldest], and said, Surely the Lord's anointed is before him. But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart. Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these [to be king over Israel]. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.

1.       (1 Sam 8:7)  And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.

2.       (1 Sam 9:2) And he [Kish] had a son, whose name was Saul [asked], a choice young man, and a goodly [beautiful, well favored]: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.

3.       (1 Ki 8:39)  Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;)

4.       keepeth = Heb: to tend a flock, i.e. pasture it; to graze; gen. to rule: companion, keep company with, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, pastor, + shearing house, shepherd. 



(1 Sam 16:12-14)  And he sent, and brought him [David] in. Now he was ruddy [reddish (of the hair or the complexion)], and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren [chosen by God to be the new king of Israel]: and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. But the spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled [to fear: affright, be (make) afraid, terrify, troubled] him.

1.       Evil highlights of Saul’s reign as king: (Saul is the head of the body). Saul’s disobedience and rebellion to the word of God in not waiting for Samuel and offering burnt offerings himself (1 Sam 13), in not totally destroying the Amalekite city (1 Sam 15), and in consulting with the witch at Endor (1 Sam 28).

2.       (Mat 12:43-45)  When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man [Saul’s anointing: “the spirit of God came upon him” 1 Sam 10:10], he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none. Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty [“the spirit of the LORD departed from Saul” 1 Sam 16:14], swept, and garnished. Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation.

3.       (2 Pet 2:20-22)  For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

4.       (1 Sam 15:23)  For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king. 


(1 Sam 17:15,16)  But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days [symbol of testing].


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