Chapter 16

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(1 Sam 8:7)  And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.


(1 Sam 15:1-3)  Samuel [Heb: heard of God] also said unto Saul [Heb: asked], The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek [Heb: a descendant of Esau] did to Israel [Heb: he will rule as God; prince with God], how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.

1.      Commentary: Samuel was a lifetime Nazarite, dedicated to God by Hannah prior to his conception, the last of the judges, a prophet (the voice of God), and the good High priest who replaced evil Eli.

2.      (Exo 17:14)  And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven [and the tribes of Ammon and Moab, the incestuous sons of borderline righteous Lot and his two daughters].


(1 Sam 15:4-9)  And Saul [a Benjaminite] gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah. And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley. And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye showed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.

1.      (Gen 49:10)  The sceptre [of rule (kingship)] shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh [Heb: an epithet of the Messiah] come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.


(1 Sam 15:10-12)  Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying, It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night. And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel [Heb: fruitful place], and, behold, he set him up a place, and is gone about [Heb: removed], and passed on, and gone down to Gilgal [Heb: wheel].


(1 Sam 15:13-15)  And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD. And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear? And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.


(1 Sam 15:16-19)  Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay [Heb: be still], and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on. And Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the LORD anointed thee king over Israel? And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed. Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the LORD?

1.      (1 Sam 9:2)  And he [Kish] had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly [Heb: well-favored]: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he [a man greatly admired by the people]: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.

2.      (1 Sam 10:23)  And they ran and fetched him [Saul] thence: and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward.

3.      Commentary: An interesting comparison lies between king Saul who was the first king of Israel, “higher than any of the people,” the leader of the Old Testament defacto church in apostasy, and a New Testament Pharisee named Saul who was a zealous and ferocious leader of religious persecution and the cause of the deaths of many Christians. This latter Saul got a name change after his conversion to Christianity to Paul (Gk: little)… and then wrote almost half of the New Testament, and was, in that sense, the leader of the New Testament church out of apostasy.  


(1 Sam 15:20,21)  And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.

1.      (Gen 3:11-13)  And he [God] said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled [Heb: to lead astray, i.e. (mentally) to delude, or (morally) to seduce: deceived] me, and I did eat.


(1 Sam 15:22,23)  And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.


(1 Sam 15:24,25)  And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice. Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.


(1 Sam 15:26-31)  And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected thee from being king over Israel. And as Samuel turned about to go away, he [Saul] laid hold upon the skirt of his [Samuel’s] mantle, and it rent. And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou. And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent. Then he [Saul] said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee, before the elders of my people, and before Israel [help me maintain my status], and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD thy God. So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped the LORD.

1.      Commentary: Double-minded Saul still desired to worship the LORD because of the observing nation of Israel, and because he had the Spirit upon him until 1 Samuel 16:13,14 when “the spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward,” “But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul.”

2.      (James 1:8)  A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.


(1 Sam 15:32,33)  Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past. And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.


(1 Sam 15:34,35)  Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul. And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.