*(Gen 4:1,2)  And Adam [the first man] knew Eve [the first woman] his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain [the first man-child], and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. And she again bare his brother Abel [the second man-child – “the elder shall serve the younger” Gen 25:23]. And Abel was a keeper of sheep [shepherd], but Cain was a tiller of the ground [farmer].

1.       Adam = Heb: ruddy, i.e. a human being: X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person ///  (to show blood in the face), i.e. flush or turn rosy: be (dyed, made) red (ruddy).

2.       Eve = Heb: life-giver /// to live; by impl. to declare or show:--show.

3.       Cain = Heb: in the orig. sense of fixity; a lance (as striking fast):--spear.

4.       Abel = Heb: emptiness or vanity, vapour (transitory).

5.       (1 Cor 15:45-47)  And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening [make alive, give life] spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.

*(Gen 4:3-5)  And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings [firstborn; i.e. firstfruits, tithe] of his flock and of the fat thereof [i.e. a blood sacrifice]. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth [angry], and his countenance fell [(appearance) face, mouth].

1.       respect = Dict: 1. esteem or deferential regard felt or shown. 2. the condition of being esteemed or honored. 3. to hold in esteem or honor

2.       respect = “Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible”: Divine Acceptance. Accepted by fire: Lev 9:24 Moses; Judg 6:21 Gideon; 1 Kin 18:38 Elijah; 1 Chr 21:26 David; 2 Chr 7:1 Solomon. Accepted because of faith and the right kind of sacrifice (Heb 11:4).

3.       (Lev 9:24)  And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.

4.       (Heb 11:4)  By faith [belief] Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying [witnessing] of his gifts [sacrifice: offering]: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

5.       (Mat 23:35)  That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.

6.       not respect = “Gleanings in Genesis” by Arthur W. Pink: In bringing the offering he did, Cain denied that he was a sinful creature under the sentence of divine condemnation. He insisted on approaching God on the ground of personal worthiness. Instead of accepting God’s way, he offered to God the fruits of the ground which God had cursed. He presented the product of his own toil, the work of his own hands, and God refused to receive it.

*(Gen 4:6,7)  And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest well [i.e. the right thing, the righteous thing], shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door [crouches (on all four legs folded, like a recumbent animal)]. And unto thee shall be his desire [in the  sense of stretching out after; a longing], and thou shalt rule over him.

1.       (2 Cor 8:12)  For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath                 [understanding], and not according to that he hath not [understanding].

2.       (1 Pet 5:8)  Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour [to drink down, i.e. gulp entire: swallow (up)]:

3.       (Gen 3:16)  Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule [have dominion, govern, reign, have power] over thee.

4.       (1 Tim 2:14)  And Adam was not deceived [deluded (delusion)], but the woman being deceived was in the transgression [violation /// to go contrary to, i.e. violate a command].

*(Gen 4:8)  And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him [killed, murdered].


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