Chapter 22

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(John 13:1,2)  Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

1.      Commentary: What exactly did the Devil put into the heart of Judas Iscariot? What are spirits?

2.      (Gen 6:5)  And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

3.      (2 Cor 10:4,5)  (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds [Gk: castles (fig. arguments)];) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience [Gk: attentive hearkening, i.e. (by impl.) compliance or submission] of Christ;


(John 13:3-5)  Jesus knowing that the Father [the Creator of the universe] had given all things into his hands [and demonstrating the depths of His own humility, the all-powerful Jesus Christ was about to wash His disciple’s feet], and that he was come from God, and went to God; He riseth from [His last] supper [i.e., after we are completely fed (instructed) and full, there is then wonderful work to do], and laid aside his [conventional earthly] garments; and took a towel [Gk: “white” linen] [representing the purity (without spot) of His heavenly covering; the glory of God], and girded [Gk: to bind about] himself. After that he poureth water [biblical symbol of the Holy Spirit] into a basin [typified by the O.T. brazen laver], and began to wash the disciples' feet [symbolic of their walk], and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. [Well, what did it all mean?]

1.      Commentary: The custom in mid-eastern homes was for a servant to wash the feet of guests to remove the road dust; however, Christ had requested privacy for His last supper. No servants were present and it would appear that the disciples were too proud to perform the menial task.

2.      (Exo 30:17-21)  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Thou shalt also make a laver [basin] of brass [symbolic of sin], and his foot [Heb: pedestal] [please note the personification] also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein. For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands [symbolic of their work] and their feet [symbolic of their walk] thereat [washing their hands and feet which have been defiled by being in contact with the world]: When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation [to come nearer to the holiness of God], they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the [brazen (brass)] altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD: So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

a.      brass = Heb: fig. base (as compared with gold or silver): brazen, filthiness.

3.      (Exo 38:8)  And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the lookingglasses [Heb: mirrors] of the women assembling [what do the brass mirrors (taken from Egypt) of the women symbolize?], which assembled at the door [who is the door?] of the tabernacle of the congregation.

4.      (Eph 5:25-27)  Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify [Gk: make holy, purify] and cleanse it with the washing [Gk: bathing; fig. baptism] of water by the word [Gk: rhema (revelations)] [i.e., the cleansing water is the rhema word of God (Holy Spirit); it is a spiritual cleansing], That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

a.      Commentary: “with the washing of water by the word” = the word of God is a “twoedged sword” (logos = Heb 4:12; rhema = Eph 6:17), a logos/rhema twoedged sword. Jesus Christ is the logos “Word made flesh (John 1:14), while the Holy Spirit is the rhema (revelations) word and spirit. The logos word (Jesus Christ) teaches us with hidden meanings, and the rhema word (the Holy Spirit) interprets the intended true message for His disciples - only.

b.      (John 16:12,13)  I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak [i.e., unless you have already taken in the logos word, the Holy Spirit cannot explain the rhema (revelation) meaning to you because it is derived from the logos word]: and he will show you things to come [visions and prophecy].

c.      (1 John 2:27)  But the anointing [Gk: chrisma; an unguent [Dict: salve] or smearing, i.e. (fig.) the spec. endowment ("chrism") of the Holy Spirit] which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.


(John 13:6-11)  Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now [Peter’s present circumstance was living without the indwelling Holy Spirit to interpret]; but thou shalt know hereafter [after you receive the Holy Spirit and His interpretation of my logos word which is the rhema word]. Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet [Jesus is talking about spiritual things whereas Peter is still thinking about physical washing]. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed [Gk: louo; bathed (the whole person)] needeth not save to wash [Gk: nipto; to cleanse (espec. the hands or the feet or the face)] his feet, but is clean every whit [Gk: throughout, whole]: and ye are clean, but not all. For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.

1.      (1 John 1:9)  If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


(John 13:12-17)  So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you. Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. If ye know [Gk: understand] these things, happy [Gk: blessed] are ye if ye do them [i.e., blessing is the result of practicing a life of humility and service].