“INTO” IS A LITTLE WORD WITH A VERY BIG MEANING
(Mat 20:1-7) For the kingdom of heaven is like
unto a man [Jesus Christ] that is an householder
[Gk: the head of a family: goodman of the house], which went out early
in the morning [about 6:00 am] to hire labourers
into his vineyard. And when he had agreed
[covenanted] with the labourers for a penny a day [a day’s
wages], he sent them into his vineyard [His holy place].
And he went out about the third hour [9:00 am], and saw others
standing idle [Gk: inactive, i.e. unemployed; (by impl.) lazy,
useless: barren] in the marketplace [of the world], And
said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is
right I will give you. And they went their way. Again he went out
about the sixth [noon] and ninth hour [3:00 pm],
and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour [5:00 pm]
he went out, and found others standing idle [i.e., going no place],
and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? They say
unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye
also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye
Commentary: Vineyards represent the kingdom of heaven.
Vineyards are churches. There is work to do in the kingdom of heaven.
Grapes on the vine represent God’s saved people attached to and
growing on the living vine of Jesus Christ (John 15:1). The laborers
represent unsaved persons because they are hired hirelings working
their way to heaven rather than volunteers, and are neither growing on
nor attached to the vine. Grapes are primarily composed of water.
Water is a symbol of the Holy Spirit, and water is also a symbol of the Word
of God. Grape juice ferments into wine which is a symbol of the Holy
Spirit (John 2:1-11). Wine also represents the revelations derived from the
water of the Word of God. Water represents the logos Word of
God, the seed (Luke 8:11). Wine is the rhema Word =
the fruits (revelations) that are derived from the Word of God.
dove = Heb: a dove (appar. from the warmth of their mating): pigeon
/// to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by impl. intoxication:--banqueting,
wine, wine [-bibber].
right = Gk: equitable (in character or act); by impl. innocent, holy:
just, meet, righteous.
(Mat 20:8-12) So when even [6:00 pm]
was come, the lord [Gk: kurios; supreme in authority] of
the vineyard saith unto his steward [senior pastor],
Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from
the last unto the first. And when they came that were hired about the
eleventh hour [5:00 pm], they received every man a penny
[the good news of salvation (these are “good ground” people)]. But when
the first came [who went to work in the vineyard at 6:00 am], they
supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise
received every man a penny [they received the good news, but
they did not understand it, These are “by the way side; stony
ground, among thorns” people]. And when they had received it, they
murmured [Gk: grumbled (complained)] against the
goodman of the house [i.e., Jesus Christ] [a clear indicator of
unsavedness], Saying, These last have wrought [Gk: worked]
but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us [upon salvation,
everyone receives the same amount of the Holy Spirit, “the earnest” of the
Spirit (2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Eph 1:13,14)], which have borne the burden
and heat of the day.
Commentary: The Old Testament persons who worked first but
were paid last were evaluating their work by “sight,” and esteeemed their
work of much more value than that of those who worked a shorter time and
were paid first. (Who esteemed their work of much more value)? They were
looking at all things through their secular physical eyes, because their
spiritual eyes remained closed.
Commentary: Do you work in God’s vineyard? Are you concerned
about how much money you are earning, and perhaps think it unjust
that others may be earning more?
(Mat 20:13-16) But he answered one of them,
and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree
with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way
[versus “and go my way,” or “and follow me”]: I will give unto this
last, even as unto thee. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine
own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good? So the last shall be first, and
the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
(Mat 9:13) But go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy,
and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but
[to call] sinners to repentance.
(Mat 22:11-14) And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw
there a man which had not on a wedding garment [the sin covering
blood of Jesus Christ]: And he saith unto him, Friend, how
camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him
away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing
of teeth. For many are called, but few are chosen.
(Mat 26:47-50) And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the
twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves,
from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him
gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he:
hold him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master;
and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art
thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.