Chapter 27

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(John 9:4,5)  I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work. As long as I am in the world [Gk: kosmos; “cosmos” (universe)] [the universe is in darkness], I am the light of the world [Gk: kosmos; “cosmos” (universe)].

1.      light = Gk: phos; (to shine or make manifest, espec. by rays); luminousness:--fire.

2.      (Heb 12:29)  For our God is a consuming fire [Deut 4:24; 9:3].


(John 8:12)  Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness [“and darkness was upon the face of the deep” Gen 1:2], but shall have the light of life [eternal].

1.      darkness = Heb: the dark; hence (lit.) darkness; fig. misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness:--dark (-ness), night, obscurity /// to be dark (as withholding light); to darken:--be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.

2.      (Psa 18:28)  For thou wilt light [Heb: kindle, set on fire] my candle: the LORD my God will enlighten [Heb: illuminate: cause to shine] my darkness.


(Mat 5:14)  Ye are the light of the world. A city [an assembly of people] that is set on an hill [elevated – by whom?] cannot be hid [Gk: to conceal (by covering):--hide (self), kept secret].



(Mark 4:21,22)  And he said unto them [the “great multitude” gathered “by the sea on the land” Mark 4:1], Is a candle [Gk: a portable lamp or other illuminator] brought to be put under a bushel [basket], or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick [Gk: a lamp-stand]? For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad.


(Mark 4:23)  If any man have ears to hear [Gk: understand], let him hear.


(Mark 4:24,25)  And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure [Gk: limited portion] ye mete [Gk: measure (i.e. ascertain in size by a fixed standard); fig. to estimate], it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear [Gk: understand] shall more [understanding] be given. For he that hath [understanding], to him shall be given [more understanding]: and he that hath not [understanding], from him shall be taken even that which he hath [i.e. from “stony ground” inhabitants “which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away” Luke 8:13].


(Mark 4:26-29)  And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground [“in his heart” Mat 13:19]; And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how. For the earth [symbolically, a man’s heart] bringeth forth fruit of herself [Gk: automatically] [“by itself” NKJV]; first the blade [stalk], then the ear [head], after that the full corn [kernel] in the ear. But when the fruit is brought forth [is ripe], immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.

1.      (Phil 1:6)  Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of [the return of] Jesus Christ:

2.      (Phil 2:13)  For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

3.      Commentary: The three divisions of growth are analogous to “childhood, adolescence, and maturity.” Moses died at the age of 120 years. The first 40 years of Moses’ life was spent serving Pharaoh in Egypt learning the ways of the Pharaoh and the world. The second 40 years of Moses’ life was spent serving Laban in the wilderness learning the ways of Laban and his sheep. The third 40 years of Moses’ life was spent serving God learning the ways of God and His people. Moses transformation-transitioned God’s people from this world into heaven utilizing what he had learned in Egypt, the wilderness, and from God. Then Moses himself was harvested at 120 years old (maturity) for eternal service in the Kingdom of God. First he learned, then he served.


(Mark 4:30-32)  And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it? It is like a grain of mustard [Gk: to hurt, i.e. sting] seed, which, when it is sown in the earth [of your heart], is less than all the seeds that be in the earth: But when it is sown, it groweth up, and becometh greater than all herbs [religions] [“reaching a height of ten to twelve feet” The Nelson Study Bible], and shooteth out great branches [Christian denominations]; so that the fowls of the air [devils, demons, unclean spirits, fallen angels] may lodge under the shadow of it.


(Mark 4:33,34)  And with many such parables [speaking in tongues] spake he the word [Gk: logos] unto them [the “great multitude”], as they were able to hear it. But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded [Gk: to solve further, i.e. (fig.) explained] all things [interpretated the tongue] to his disciples.

1.      (1 Cor 12:10)  To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers [many] kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: