Chapter 28

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(1 Sam 17:1-3)  Now the Philistines [Heb: rolling; migratory] gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh [Heb: entwined, shut in], which belongeth to Judah [Heb: to revere or worship with extended hands], and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah [Heb: tilled] [syn: plowed, cultivated], in Ephesdammim [Heb: boundary of blood-drops]. And Saul and the men of Israel [Heb: he will rule as God] were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah [Heb: an oak or other strong tree] [symbolizing the cross], and set the battle in array against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on a mountain [of pride] on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain [of pride] on the other side: and there was a valley between them.

THE 666 (spirit, soul, body) CHAMPION OF EVIL (without God) MEN

(1 Sam 17:4-7)  And there went out a champion [“the beast” (the antichrist) having “the name of blasphemy” Rev 13:1,2] out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span [12 feet 4 inches]. And he had an helmet of brass upon his head [his thoughts were only filthiness (sin, evil), unsavedness], and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight [the burden] of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass [the coat consisted of 5,000 covering thoughts of evil; similarily, Legion (Luke 8:30) consisted of 6,000 covering thoughts of evil]. And he had greaves [a shin-piece] of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron [iron is symbolic of severe weighty judgment]: and one [the false prophet (Rev 13:11); the news media] bearing a shield [of brass] [hiding, promoting, and protecting the beast] went before him.

1.      Goliath = Heb: exile /// to denude (espec. in a disgraceful sense); by impl. to exile (captives being usually stripped); fig. to reveal:--(carry into captivity), depart, disclose, exile, uncover.

2.      Gath = Heb: (in the sense of treading out grapes); a wine-press (or vat for holding the grapes in pressing them):--(wine-) press.

3.      brass = Heb: copper; hence, something made of that metal, i.e. coin, a fetter; fig. base (as compared with gold or silver):--brasen, brass, copper, fetter of brass, filthiness [i.e., sin].

4.      mail = Heb: to shale off as bark; a scale (of a fish); hence a coat of mail (as composed of or covered with jointed plates of metal):--mail, scale.

5.      target = Heb: something to strike with, i.e. a dart (perh. smaller than a spear) :--lance /// to strike: a crushing; fig. calamity:--destruction.

6.      shield = Heb: a hook (as pointed); also a (large) shield (as if guarding by prickliness); also cold (as piercing) /// to be prickly; a thorn; hence a thorn-hedge:--thorn.

a.      (Luke 8:14)  And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection [Gk: to ripen, to maturity].


(1 Sam 17:8-11)  And he [Goliath] stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them [blasphemy], Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed [Heb: broken down, either by violence or (fig.) by confusion and fear], and greatly afraid.


(1 Sam 17:16)  And the Philistine drew near morning and evening [during the 9:00am morning worship service and the 3:00pm evening worship service], and presented himself [imitating himself as a sacrificial offering] forty days [forty symbolizes a time of testing; the Israelites were 40 years in the wilderness].


(1 Sam 17:31-33)  And when the words were heard which David [Heb: loving] spake [to the men in Saul’s army standing within earshot], they rehearsed [repeated] them before Saul: and he sent for him. And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine. And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth [of perhaps 15 years old], and he a man of war from his youth.


(1 Sam 17:34-37)  And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his [the lion’s] mouth: and when he [the bear] arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him. Thy  servant slew both the lion and the bear [but no mention of a leopard which therefore becomes a NT sign]: and this uncircumcised [i.e., unsaved: circumcision being the OT token of salvation] Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied [blasphemed] the armies of the living God. David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand [Heb: power] of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.

1.      (Rev 13:1,2)  And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast [Gk: a dangerous animal: (venomous, wild) beast] rise up out of the sea [of humanity], having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard [a predator noted for its swiftness (power)], and his feet were as the feet of a bear [a predator noted for its crushing strength (power)], and his mouth as the mouth of a lion [a predator noted for the fearsome roar of its mouth (power)]: and the dragon [a supernatural predator] gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority [seated upon the throne of the hearts of men].

2.      dragon = Gk: (to look); a fabulous kind of serpent (perh. as supposed to fascinate).

3.      fascinate = synonyms: charm, enthrall, mesmerize, captivate, begile, allure, entice, put under a spell.

4.      (2 Th 2:11)  And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:


(1 Sam 17:38-40)  And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail [brass]. And David girded his [Saul’s] sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go [hesitated to go]; for he had not proved it [i.e., tested the armour]. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him. And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip [Heb: a travelling pouch]; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.


(1 Sam 17:41-44)  And the Philistine [beast] came on and drew near unto David; and the man [the false prophet, the news media] that bare the shield went before him. And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog [a reference to his homosexuality (Dan 11:37)], that thou comest to me with staves [Heb: sticks, staffs]? And the Philistine cursed David [roaring like a lion so all could hear] by his gods. And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.

1.      disdained = Heb: to disesteem:--despise, disdain, contemptible, + think to scorn, vile person.

2.      (Dan 11:37)  Neither shall he [the beast, the antichrist] regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all [i.e., he is a pure narcissist].


(1 Sam 17:48-51)  And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose [like a bear], and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted [Heb: to be liquid or flow easily] [like Abigail: i.e., filled with the Holy Spirit], and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. And David put his hand [his reliance and his faith] in his [shepherd’s] bag, and [without looking (Judg 7:6) into the bag] took thence a stone [any of the five smooth stones would have accomplished the same effect], and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead [deep into his thought processes, destroying the “strong holds” (2 Cor 10:4) of unclean spirits, demons, devils, fallen angels (all ungodly thoughts)]; and he fell upon his face [prostrate] to the earth [in total submission to God]. So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David. Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him [i.e., “the second death” Rev 21:8], and cut off his head therewith [irreparably separating the demonic “strong holds” from the influence or command over the serving body]. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled [“Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.” James 4:7].

1.      (Eph 4:11,12)  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers [five stones smoothed of their sharp edges by the flowing water of the Holy Spirit]; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: [Did David, Saul, and the Israelite army become perfected and edified that day by the Holy Spirit’s action through His instrument David?]