Chapter 31

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(Gen 15:1-3)  After these things the word of the LORD [Heb: Jehovah] came unto Abram [Heb: high father] in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield [Heb: protector; defense], and thy exceeding great reward. And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus? And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir.


(Gen 15:4-6) And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him [who is that “word of the LORD”? Jehovah, Jesus Christ (John 1:14), an angel?], saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell [Heb: count] the stars [Heb: rolling, blazing; a star as round or shining], if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he [the LORD] counted [Heb: reckoned, regarded] it to him for righteousness.


(Gen 15:7-10)  And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees [an ancient region in southern Babylon (Iraq)], to give thee this land to inherit it. And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it? And he said unto him, Take me [consecrated animals of] an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon. And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.


(Gen 15:11-16)  And when the fowls came down [unconsecrated animals; a type of demons, unclean spirits, fallen angels] upon the carcases, Abram drove them away. And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep [10x in the Bible] fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years [the latter is a rounded figure of 430 years]; And also that nation [Egypt], whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance [“with an high hand” Exo 14:8]. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age [175 years old: Gen 25:7]. But in the fourth generation [i.e., of Moses: 1 Chr 6:1-3] they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full [referring to the sins of the Canaanites who were to be destroyed].

1.      (Mat 8:12)  But the [faithless] children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

2.      (Mat 22:13)  Then said the king to the servants, Bind him [who had not on a wedding garment] hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

3.      (Mat 25:30) And cast ye the unprofitable servant [who had not multiplied his Lord’s silver (salvation)] into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.


(Gen 15:17-21)  And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp [Heb: flame: torch] that passed between those pieces. In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, nd the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims [Heb: giants], And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.


(Gen 16:1-5)  Now Sarai [Heb: a head person (of any rank or class)] Abram's wife [the first of seven barren women in Scripture] bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian [Egypt is symbolic of the land of the unsaved associated with Sodom in Rev 11:8], whose name was Hagar. And Sarai said unto Abram [who was then aged 85, and she 75], Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai. And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife. And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she [Hagar] saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes. And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee [i.e., the wrong done to me is your fault]: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.

1.      (Rev 11:8)  And their dead bodies [of the two witnesses] shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

2.      (Gen 3:17)  And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree [of the knowledge of good and evil], of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground [a symbol of his wife] for thy sake; in sorrow [Heb: labor or pain: toil] shalt thou eat of it [as you ate her words, bringing to continual constant remembrance the sin of disobedience to God] all the days of thy life;

3.      (Gen 3:13)  And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled [Heb; seduced: deceived] me [its his fault], and I did eat.


(Gen 16:6,7)  But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand [Heb: power] [i.e., under your control]; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly [hard] with her, she fled from her face. And the angel of the LORD [a Christophanie – a temporary visible appearance of Christ] found her [seeking refuge] by a fountain of water [the Holy Spirit] in the wilderness [Heb: desert], by the fountain in the way to Shur [“Shur, that is over against Egypt” 1 Sam 15:7] [Hagar was returning back to Egypt, back to her natural life].


(Gen 16:8-12)  And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai. And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands [i.e., return to the one who has authority over you (a type of God), and humble yourself under her (His) hands]. And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly [Muslims have an approximate 2 billion current population], that it shall not be numbered for multitude. And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael [Heb: God will hear]; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren [“and he will live to the east and on the borders of all his kinsmen” Amplif.].

1.      Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Mohammed claimed Ishmael as his ancestor, as do most Arabs.


(Gen 16:13-16)  And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me? Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi [Heb: The well of the Living One who sees me]; behold, it is between Kadesh [Heb: sanctuary] and Bered [Heb: hail] [i.e., hard word (judgmental)]. And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. And Abram was fourscore and six years old [86 and Sarai was 76], when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.

1.      Commentary: Abraham was 100 and Sarah 90 when she bare the promised son Isaac to Abraham. Please note that there were name changes indicating a change of character from Sarai (Heb: a head person) and Abram (Heb: high father) into Sarah (Heb: a female noble: lady, princess, queen) and Abraham (Heb: father of a multitude). These name changes occurred prior to the birth of Isaac, the promised son.