Chapter 86

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(1 Sam 17:1-3)  Now the [unsaved] Philistines [Heb: rolling; migratory] gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah [Heb: celebrated], and pitched between Shochoh [Heb: to entwine] and Azekah [Heb: tilled], in Ephesdammim [Heb: boundary of blood-drops]. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah [Heb: an oak or other strong tree] [a clear contextual symbol of the cross], and set the battle in array against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.



who has always been the single human being indwelt by Satan personally and present but hidden in sequential reigning rulers such as Genghis Khan, Attila the Hun, Ivan the Terrible, Vlad the Impaler, Joseph Stalin, Pol Pot, and Adolf Hitler. However, now the identity of the Antichrist is becoming obvious, the Antichrist is the man who is currently beingrevealed in [this] his time” (2 Thes 2:6).


(1 Sam 17:4-7)  And there went out a champion [a type and shadow of our fears, of the Antichrist, of “strong delusion” 2 Thes 2:11] out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span [over 12 feet tall]. And he had an helmet of brass [Heb: filthiness] [metal symbolic of sin] upon his head [indicating his thoughts], and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass [Heb: filthiness] [sin]. And he had greaves of brass [Heb: filthiness] [sin] upon his legs, and a target [Heb: dart, lance] of brass [Heb: filthiness] [sin] between his shoulders. And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron [metal symbol of judgment]: and one bearing a shield went before him [i.e., the false prophet: Rev 13:11-17; the modern liberal news media].

1.      Goliath = exile /// to denude (espec. in a disgraceful sense); by impl. to exile (captives being usually stripped); fig. to reveal:-- + advertise, appear, bewray, bring, (carry, lead, go) captive (into captivity), depart, disclose, discover, exile, be gone, open, X plainly, publish, remove, reveal, X shamelessly, shew, X surely, tell, uncover.

2.      Gath = Heb: (in the sense of treading out grapes); a wine-press (or vat for holding the grapes in pressing them):--(wine-) press (fat).

3.      Commentary: Goliath was “six” cubits tall, and had “six” metal weapons: a helmet, a coat of mail, two greaves, a target, and a spear. Completing his attire (his covering) up to seven, Goliath had one powerful multipurpose weapon, i.e., the “one bearing a shield [who] went before him.” Who is “the one” shielding the Antichrist today?


(Sam 17:8-11)  And he [Goliath] stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.

1.      dismayed = Heb: to prostrate; hence to break down, either (lit.) by violence, or (fig.) by confusion and fear:--be (make) afraid, beat down, discourage, (cause to) dismay, go down, scared, terrified.

2.      Commentary: History revisited: it was then exactly as it is today; we Christians know through the Holy Spirit that he is a liar, very evil, and very wrong, but who’s belief in God is strong enough that he will dare to stand up and fight against this dark leader, to fight against what certainly appears to be Goliath?



(1 Sam 17:38-40)  And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head [an indication of Saul’s thoughts]; also he armed him with a coat of mail. And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed [delayed] to go; for he had not proved [Heb: tested] it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him. And he took his staff [i.e., Father God (i.e., his belief system)] in his hand [Heb: power], and chose him five smooth stones [the Hand Ministry, weathered smooth by the water of the word: apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher: Eph 4:11,12] out of the brook [out of the running water of the Holy Spirit], and put them in a shepherd's [Heb: pastor’s] bag which he had, even in a scrip [Heb: a traveling pouch (as if for gleanings)]; and his sling [a weapon propelling a projectile by circular motion (movement relating to the Holy Spirit)] was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine.


(1 Sam 17:41-44)  And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him. And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.


(1 Sam 17:45-47)  Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands.


(1 Sam 17:48,49)  And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted [Heb: to be liquid or flow easily] , and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. And David put his hand in his bag [of five smooth stones], and took thence a stone [either apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, or teacher], and slang it [Heb: (as if in a circular motion)], and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face [prostrate] to the earth [but not necessarily dead].

1.      (1 Pet 2:5)  Ye also, as lively [Gk: living] stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.






(1 Sam 17:50,51)  So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling [the Holy Spirit] and with a stone [a properly trained-up obedient human projectile], and smote [Heb: to strike] the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David. Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his [Goliath’s sword] sword [What sword? Why was Goliath’s sword was not counted nor even mentioned in verses 4-7?], and drew it out of the sheath thereof [What does the sheath symbolize?], and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.

1.      Commentary:  and cut off his head therewith” = God’s messenger, David, thereby effected Goliath’s death by Goliath’s own sword which is perhaps an allusion to mass suicidal “wars and rumours of wars” (Mat 24:6). “and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host” (Judg 7:22).

2.      (1 Sam 21:3)  Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present. (1 Sam 21:8,9)  And David said unto Ahimelech [the priest], And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste. And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that [Why?]; give it me.