Chapter 88

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(Gen 22:1-3)  And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt [Heb: test: prove] Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am [please note Abraham’s immediate response of “readiness to obey”]. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac [Heb: laughter (mockery)], whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah [Heb: seen of Jah]; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave [Heb: to break forth into pieces] the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.

1.       Commentary: “God did tempt Abraham” = to “test” one is to confirm or disaffirm one’s achievement or assimilation of certain previously set forth standards; whereas, to “prove” one is to “test” with the addition of notable affliction, as illustrated by “proving” a sword in fire and water (analogous to the water baptism image of a human sword), an item which, figuratively speaking, we each are, i.e., the Lord’s sword. “The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon.” (Judg 7:18,20). Was Abraham being “tested,” or was Abraham being “proven,” or both?   

2.       Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary: “Moriah” = The Jews believe the altar of burnt offering in the temple at Jerusalem was situated on the exact site of the altar on which Abraham intended to sacrifice Isaac. The Muslim mosque, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, presently is situated on this site.

3.       Commentary: The “mountains” of Israel run in size from hills up to moderate mountains. Jerusalem is situated upon three “moderate mountains,” Moriah, Ophel, and Zion.


(Gen 22:4-6)  Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off [Mount Moriah]. And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you [a type and shadow of “coming again” together in the clouds]. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together [illustrating “unity”].

1.       (Hosea 6:1-3)  Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us [Heb: restore us to life]: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.

a.       (2 Pet 3:8)  But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

2.       (Job 37:21)  And now men see not the bright light which is in the clouds [like a lamp in the Bible]: but the wind [another symbol of the Holy Spirit] passeth, and cleanseth them.


(Gen 22:7,8)  And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together [repeat phrase of v.6 illustrating and emphasizing “unity”].


(Gen 22:9-12)  And they came to the place which God had told him of [Mount Moriah]; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.  And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.  And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.


(Gen 22:13,14)  And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns [horns represent power]: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh [Heb: the Lord will see, provide: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.

(Gen 22:15-19)  And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.

1.       (Gen 15:5)  And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell [Heb: count] the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

2.       (1 Sam 15:22)  And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken [Heb: hear: regard] [rationally, intelligently, is better] than the fat of rams.


(James 2:23)  And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed [Gk: counted] unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.