Chapter 1



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The Scofield Reference Bible: Typically, the book may be taken as a foreview of the church - Ruth, as the Gentile bride of Christ [Boaz], the Bethlehemite who is able to redeem. Ruth also gives a normal Christian experience: [by chapters] (1). Ruth deciding. (2). Ruth serving. (3). Ruth resting. (4). Ruth rewarded.


(Ruth 1:1,2)  Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled [1380-1050 B.C.], that there was a famine in the land [a famine of food symbolizing a famine of the Word of God]. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah [house of bread in the land of Judah] went to sojourn [lodge (as unknowing evangelists)] in the country of Moab [founded by Moab, an incestuous son of Lot], he, and his wife, and his two sons. And the name of the man was Elimelech [my God is King], and the name of his wife Naomi [pleasant], and the name of his two sons Mahlon [sickly] and Chilion [pining: consumption, failing (wasting away, dying)], Ephrathites [fruitfulness; another name for Bethlehem] of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.

1.       Commentary: a famine indicates an “absence” of something, be it of bread or of the Word of God. Certainly without physical bread to eat, the people shrivel up and die; so too without the spiritual Word of God to eat, the people shrivel up and die. “But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God” (Mat 4:4).

2.       The Full Life Study Bible: The story of Ruth takes place during the time of the judges. It reveals that during the pathetic moral and spiritual apostasy of that time, there was a godly remnant who continued to love and honor God. The book emphasizes that God is active in the lives of those who remain faithful to Him and His word.

3.       (Rom 8:28-30)  And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [determine before (“the foundation of the world” Mat 25:34; Eph 1:4,5; Rev 17:8)] to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified [made righteous]: and whom he justified, them he also glorified [full of glory, honour, magnify /// dignity, glorious, honour, praise, worship].

4.     Commentary: The verse that immediately precedes the opening of the book of Ruth is the very last verse in the book of Judges: “In those days there was no king [i.e., no God] in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes [i.e., lawlessness prevailed]” (Judg 21:25). The latter verse is an assessment of the Israelite people during the entire period of the Judges indicating that they were an unhappy, miserable, violent, hard-hearted, callous people living selfishly (idolatry) without attendance to the Law of God and its inherent morality. Nevertheless, out of that dark depravity came forth a savior-redeemer Boaz. This pattern was duplicated over a thousand years later when out of Mary (Heb: bitterness and rebellion), who was a representation of her people, came forth Jesus. This pattern was duplicated (positional reality) and is being duplicated (experiential reality) in every one of us who is a born-again Christian, for out of our utter depravity shall come forth a savior-redeemer Jesus Christ (Rom 8:18; 2 Thes 1:7,10,12).


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