Chapter 15



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(Psa 19:1-6)  To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament [syn. for heaven] showeth his handiwork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night showeth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the ends of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

1.       The Full Life Study Bible: The Judeo-Christian view is that the physical world declares God’s glory and creative power. The view of many unbelievers, in contrast, is that the creation itself is a divine entity, with a force that controls human destiny; others believe that it came about by chance. The true believer rejects these views, accepts the Scriptural revelation about the universe, and is thus moved to praise the Maker.

2.       King James Bible Commentary: “The heavens declare the glory of God” = The heavens are plural because there are various spheres represented, i.e., the heavens of clouds, the solar heavens, deep space, the throne of God, etc. “The glory of God” = is the sum of all of God’s perfections. The vastness of space declares the magnitude of our God. The energy of a thousand suns is but a token of His divine energy. The perfect timing of planetary movements declares His precision. And yet, the multifaceted declaration of the heavens only begins to show the great glory of God. “The firmament showeth his handiwork” may be designed as an expression of the most readily visible evidence of God’s presence in the universe.

a.       (Heb 11:1-3)  Now faith [belief] is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good report. Through faith we understand that the worlds [aion (“The seed is the word (logos) of God” Luke 8:11)] were framed [completed] by the word [rhema] of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear [which are visible].

b.       (Rom 1:17-22)  For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith [belief] to faith [belief]: as it is written, The just [innocent: righteous] shall live by faith. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold [possess] the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest [rendered apparent] in them; for God hath showed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: Because that, when they knew [perceived] God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain [foolish, i.e. (mor.) wicked or (spec.) idolatrous] in their imaginations, and their foolish heart [unintelligent; wicked: without understanding] was darkened. Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

3.       Life Application Bible: We are surrounded by fantastic displays of God’s craftsmanship – the heavens give dramatic evidence of His existence, his power, his love, his care. To say that the universe happened by chance is absurd – its intricacy and dependability give proof of a personally involved Creator. As you look at God’s craftsmanship in nature and the heavens, thank him for such magnificent beauty and the truth it reveals about the Creator.

4.       King James Bible Commentary: “Day unto day and night unto night” the creation of God emits speech testifying to the person on God. “There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.” The creation of God speaks without sound or language, but with great pictorial wonder that is understood throughout the world.

5.       Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: The sound of the voices of the heavens, the firmament, days, and nights speak and make their knowledge known wherever men are found. Their messages of a supreme God are manifest to all. If the heavens number out the glory of God and inscribe the infinite works of the Creator; if the firmament manifest his hand-work and certifies his existence; if days constantly pour forth teaching; and if nights declare the knowledge of God, then God’s existence is every where confirmed.

6.       Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: “Their line is gone out through all the earth” = Measuring lines: Used of gradual giving of the Word of God. Here it seems to be used of the messages of truth that have gone through all the world. This is the sense in which Paul used it Romans 10:18.

a.       line = Heb: a cord (as connecting), espec. for measuring; fig. a rule; also a rim, a musical string or accord:--line /// to bind together (perh. by twisting), i.e. collect; (fig.) to expect:--gather (together), look, patiently, tarry, wait (for, on, upon).

b.       (Isa 28:9-13)  Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts. For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept [vertical]; line upon line, line upon line [horizontal]; here a little, and there a little: For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest [“For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” Mat 11:30]; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear. But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

                                                                           i.      (Mat 13:47,48)  Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.

                                                                         ii.      (John 18:1-6)  When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

c.       (Rom 10:17,18)  So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

7.       Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance: tabernacle = Heb: a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance):--covering, (dwelling) (place), home, tabernacle, tent.

8.       King James Bible Commentary: The psalmist now zeros in on one particular body of the heavens: the sun. In fact, the heavens are described as “a tabernacle for the sun.” It is there that the sun encamps and marches as a mighty monarch across the skies, arising every morning as a “bridegroom coming out of his chamber,” indicating that the sun bursts forth every day from the night chamber in the strength of his youth. “His circuit unto the ends of it” indicates that as the sun blazes across the sky, it finds no boundary from which its heat can be hidden.

a.       Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: chamber = Heb: chuppah; bridal canopy, erected on 4 poles which 4 Jews held over the head of the bridegroom.

(Psa 19:6)  His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

1.       Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: In [physical] reality both the earth and the sun, as well as all heavenly bodies travel eternally in their own circuits and orbits through space in conjunction with one another [harmony and order]. The sun moves through space in its own circuit at the rate of 43,200 miles an hour [12 miles a second]. Its own planets revolve around it as they all travel through space. How long it takes to make a complete circuit through the entire heavens is not known. The surface temperature of the sun is about 12,000 degrees Fahrenheit [water boils at 212 degrees F.] and the center of the sun about 40,000,000 degrees F. No life could exist on the sun.



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