Chapter 8



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(Ruth 1:19-22)  So they two [Naomi and Ruth] went until they came to Bethlehem [house of bread; birthplace of Jesus (Mat 2:1), David (1 Sam 16:1), Obed  (Ruth 4:17), and Boaz (Ruth 2:1)]. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved [in an uproar, or agitated greatly (in controversy)] about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi [pleasant], call me Mara [bitter (rebellious)]: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. I went out full [rich of stuff (prideful)], and the LORD hath brought me home again empty [poor (humble – paralleling the prodigal son)]: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess [OUTWARDLY, a heathen, infidel, unbeliever, and a Gentile], her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest [the feast of Passover]. 

(Ruth 2:1)  And Naomi had a kinsman [first mention in the Book of Ruth] of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth [valour], of the family of Elimelech [my God is King]; and his name was Boaz.

1.       The Nelson Study Bible: The ancients greatly feared having no heirs to carry on the family’s name [primary purpose of a levirate marriage]. Furthermore, a widow with no children to take care of her would quickly become a beggar [secondary purpose of a levirate marriage]. Taking a brother’s widow as a wife protected her and preserved the name, memory, and interests of the deceased brother. The dead brother would be acknowledged as the legal father of the firstborn son of that marriage. This practice is called levirate marriage, from the Latin word for brother-in-law.

2.       (Deu 25:5,6)  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without [outside the family] unto a stranger: her husband's brother [or, in the absence of a brother, the next of male kin following the bloodline, i.e. uncle, cousin] shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her. And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel.

3.       mighty = Heb: powerful; by impl. warrior:--champion, chief, X excel, giant, mighty (man, one), strong (man), valiant man.

4.       wealth = Heb: a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valour, strength:--able, activity, (+) army, band of men (soldiers), company, (great) forces, goods, host, might, power, riches, strength, strong, substance, train, (+) valiant, valour, virtuous, war, worthy.

5.       Commentary: Names are important in the Bible, and in our own lives. Names have meaning. The name Boaz in the Hebrew language means swift strength, in him is strength, strength, fleetness (four different sources). In the New Testament genealogies of the bloodline of Jesus, Boaz is rendered “Booz” (Mat 1:5; Luke 3:32). In the Old Testament the first mention of the name Boaz appears in the Book of Ruth. Thereafter, the name Boaz was applied to one of the two very large ornate bronze pillars standing to each side of the east entrance into King Solomon’s Temple (1 Kings 7:21; 1 Chron 2:11,12; 2 Chron 3:17); the other pillar was named “Jachin” = Heb: he will establish. By reading (thinking) the names of the two pillars from God’s point of view inside the Temple (the Oracle), and in Hebrew which reads from right to left, we have compositely “He will establish in his swift strength,” or by reading (thinking) from a Hebrew priest’s point of view from outside and approaching the Temple entrance, from right to left, “In his swift strength he will establish.” None of the other Temple artifacts are named. Why did Solomon, through the inspiration of God, do this biblically unique (one of a kind) thing, and name and thereby anthropomorphize (personalize) these two pillars? Who do those names each represent? The evidence seems to indicate that Boaz represents Jesus, and Jachin represents  the Holy Spirit both of whom keep (guard) the entrance to the Temple of your heart compositely as a flaming sword.” The Bible is a “twoedged sword” (Heb 4:12 logos word & Eph 6:17 rhema word).

a.       (1 Kings 7:21)  And he [King Solomon] set up the pillars [columns (as standing)] in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz.

b.       (Gen 3:24)  So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep [guard, protect] the way of the tree of life.

6.       (Heb 4:12)  For the word [logos] of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged (sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

7.       (Eph 6:17)  And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word [rhema] of God:

8.       (Jer 23:29)  Is not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces?

9.       (John 8:12)  Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light [fire] of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

10.   Commentary: The Garden of Eden is the archetype of the following major types: Noah’s ark, the Tabernacle of Moses, the Temple of Solomon, the Barn of Jesus (Mat 13:30), and the Bible – all of which have the common physical structure, i.e. orderly arrangement – vs. chaos, of assembled wood (trees = men: first boards, then thinner sheets) “fitly joined together” (Eph 4:16), and in each case their entrance is guarded by spiritual flames (you make the associations).

11.   (Mat 13:30)  Let both [the tares and the wheat] grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together [sullego; collect] first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them [i.e. fire]: but gather [sunago; assemble] the wheat into my barn [please note in this parable that the wheat are never collected and bundled, but are precisely lovingly individually assembled into the barn, the Body of Christ - “as one man” (Judg 6:16).



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