Chapter 4



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(1 Cor 15:45)  And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul;
the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.


(Gen 1:26,27)  And God said, Let us make man [first biblical mention] in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion [Heb: rule] over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

1.       man = Heb: 'adam, aw-dawm'; ruddy, i.e. a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.):--X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person /// (to show blood in the face), i.e. flush or turn rosy:--be (dyed, made) red (ruddy). [“the dust of the ground” Gen 2:7]

2.       image = Heb: to shade; a phantom, i.e. (fig.) illusion, resemblance; hence a representative figure, espec. an idol:--image, vain shew. [i.e., man was made as a type and shadow of God]



(Gen 2:15)  And the LORD God took the man [i.e., much more specific than “man”], and put him [who is in control here? absolute control] into the garden [Heb: a garden (as fenced) /// to hedge about, i.e. (gen.) protect:--defend] of Eden [Heb: pleasure: delight] to dress it and to keep it.

1.       Commentary: A small thing, but indicative of things to come: this is the fifth time that the word “man” occurs in the KJV Bible. In the previous four occurrences (Gen 1:26,27; 2:5,7) the word “man” occurs without the definite article “the.” This fifth time, however, is the first time that the definite article “the” is employed and it is plainly pointing toward “man.” This article “the” carries with it in meaning, specificity and the implication of authority. Further, it is not a coincidence that this first occurrence corresponds exactly with the first (archetypical) assignment of “works” to the man. 

2.       “to dress it” = Heb: 'abad, aw-bad'; to work (in any sense); by impl. to serve, till, (caus.) enslave, etc.:-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, bond-service, compel, do, dress, ear, execute, + husbandman, keep, labour (-ing man), bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve (-ing, self), (be, become) servant (-s), do (use) service, till (-er), (set a) work, be wrought, worship.

3.       “to keep it” = Heb: shamar, shaw-mar'; to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; gen. to protect, attend to, etc.:--beware, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep (-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch, watchman.  



(Gen 2:18,19)  And the LORD God said, It is not good [first biblical negative] [“sufficient, satisfactory” Amplified Bible] [complete] that the man [eighth biblical mention] should be alone [Heb: separate]; I will make him an help meet [Heb: aid /// to surround, i.e. protect or aid] for him. And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam [first biblical mention] [woman was still in man] to see what he would call them [inferring that God has a permissive will]: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

1.       Commentary: Adam. Herein we have the capitalized new name of the man, transliterated virtually intact from the Hebrew language into English. The previous biblical usage of the word “man” is generally descriptive of the broad essence of his character and countenance, in a sense as if viewed from a distance. However, usage of the capitalized word Adam personalizes the man, presenting God and us with a much closer view, and consequently, a much deeper intimacy, by clearly defining the man as a particular thinking person, and that of some import. Why the name change now? Because heretofore the man had been completely subject to God, submissive and passive, listening to God, being placed into the Garden of Eden by God, and throughout all the foregoing (Gen 1:26–Gen 2:18), man initiated no overt action of his own. Now, for the first time ever, man, the man newly named Adam has been given the authority to act completely on his own volition (syn: wish, will, decision, choice, preference, option).

2.       Commentary: A wild horse has the individual common name of horse, just as a wild man has the individual common name of man; a domesticated (syn: tamed) horse is given a proper name such as “Black Beauty,” just as a domesticated (syn: tamed) man is given a proper name such as “Adam.” The wild man became progressively more domesticated, tamed, obedient to God, as God (the Word of God, the Bible) spoke to him [trained him up: Prov 22:6], just like you and me. This is exactly how the very best horse trainers, e.g., “Horse Whisperer,” domesticate wild horses today, by speaking softly to them (without pain), which produces a loving and trustworthy horse. But unfortunately, the vast majority of horse trainers, because they do not love themselves (Mat 22:39), and consequently know only pain, still use pain to train which produces a fearful and unstable horse. Applications?

a.       (Rom 8:15)  For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption [love], whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

b.       (Isa 62:1,2)  For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth. And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness [recognize and obey, i.e., become domesticated, tamed], and all kings [shall see] thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name [just like Adam, a new name brings a new responsibility in a new task].

c.       (Rev 2:17)  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it. [What wonderful new tasks hath the Lord in store for us?].

                                                                           i.      Commentary: “To him that overcometh” = What do we overcome? We overcome, through the glorious enlightenment of God’s training, the evil, the wildness, that dwells within us inherited from fallen Adam and Eve, which is the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; for we, as did Adam and Eve, have learned to know (intimately) evil.

d.       (1 Cor 2:9)  But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the [wonderful] things which God hath prepared for them that love him.

3.       Commentary: By analogy, Adam, as a powerful work horse serving and guarding the Garden of Eden (archetype of the Bible), is still bridled by God’s soverign will, but he has been commanded by God and therefore empowered by God to act of his own accord. Adam has been commanded and empowered to create while “in the image of God,” acting to create and assign names to the lesser entities of “every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air” within the parameters of God’s permissive will. The bridle (God’s soverign will) firmly guides the horse toward God’s objective, but the horse is trusted to choose his own steps (God’s permissive will). Adam, and not God, must himself decide (a test, a putting to proof), while acting in the creative image of God, what names Adam shall call “all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field.” As God expressed His authority over man by naming him Adam, so too, as a type and shadow of God, created in God’s own image, Adam must, by command of God, express his authority over the animals who are subject to him through the creative act of naming them.

4.       Commentary: For our continuing edification (training), may we also perceive in Genesis 2:19 that God and Adam, like man and horse until the 20th Century, worked together, i.e., they acted together cooperatively to successfully consummate the task of naming the beasts and fowls, for it is God who “brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them.” May we note then, that Adam’s first action was both cooperative and creative, and therefore, in the image of the triune God.

5.       (1 Cor 3:9)  For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.

                                                                           i.      labourers together = Gk: sunergos sunergos; a co-laborer, i.e. co-adjutor:--companion in labour, (fellow-) helper (-labourer, -worker), labourer together with, workfellow.

                                                                         ii.      husbandry = Gk: cultivable [Dict: capable of being cultivated], i.e. a farm /// a land-worker, i.e. farmer:--husbandman.

                                                                        iii.      building = Gk: architecture, i.e. (concr.) a structure; fig. confirmation:--building, edify (-ication, -ing).


(Rev 19:11)  And I saw heaven opened,
and behold a white horse
[Behold, we are that white horse];
and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True,
and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

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