Chapter 21



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(Mark 4:1-9)  And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine [a body or system of teachings], Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow (1): And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air [the wicked one, Satan, the devil] came and devoured it up. And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit (2) that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.

1.       (Luke 8:11)  Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.

2.       (Heb 13:15)  By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.


(Gen 1:1-5)  In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form [i.e., without order, chaos], and void [i.e, empty, useless to God]; and darkness (1) was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light (2). And God saw the light, that it was good [if light is “good,” then its opposite darkness must be “evil”]: and God divided the light from the darkness [the good from the evil]. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

1.       darkness = Heb: the dark; hence (lit.) darkness; fig. misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness:--dark (-ness), night, obscurity /// to be dark (as withholding light): hide.

2.       light = Heb: illumination or (concr.) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.):--bright, clear, + day, light (-ning), morning, sun /// to be (make) luminous:--X break of day, glorious, kindle, (be, en-, give, show) light (-en, -ened), set on fire, shine.

(Gen 2:8,9)  And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden (1) [Heb: delight] [Whose delight?]; and there he put the man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life [which bares good fruit, pure fruit] also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil [leaven, which bares mingled fruit, evil fruit, impure fruit].

1.       garden = Heb: a garden (as fenced) /// to hedge about, i.e. (gen.) protect:--defend.

2.       Commentary: The tree of the knowledge of good and evil bares one fruit, exhibiting no separation between “good” (light) and “evil” (darkness). Good and evil are in fact reunited and unified as they were “In the beginning” (Gen 1:1). Unified = syn: combined, incorporated, integrated, joined, fused. Adam and Woman, not having eaten of either tree, knew neither good nor evil, but as innocent children, they knew only God. After they ate of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, they then knew good but only in its impure defiled form integrated with evil, and they became unsaved mankind. It is only after we are called and chosen to partake of the fruit of The Tree of Life that we can know good in its pure form.

a.       (Gen 2:17)  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

b.       (Gen 3:5)  For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

c.       (Gen 3:22)  And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

3.        (Gal 5:9)  A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

a.       leaven = Dict: 1. a mass of fermenting dough reserved for producing fermentation in a new batch of dough. 2. an agency which works in a thing to produce a gradual change or modification. 3. to produce bubbles of gas in (dough or batter) by means of any of a variety of leavening agents. 4. to permeate with an altering or transforming influence.

b.       Commentary: leaven is something ADDED that produces and promotes change in a different direction than originally intended, i.e. unleavened bread vs. leavened bread.

c.       (Mat 16:6)  Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven [the evil thoughts expressed in words, “the fruit of our lips” Heb: 13:15] of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. (Mat 16:12)  Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

(Mat 12:33-37)  Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.

1.      idle = Gk: inactive, i.e. unemployed; lazy, useless:--barren, idle, slow /// deed, labour, work.


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