And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a
stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall
afflict them four hundred years; And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will
I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.
1. Commentary: The Egyptians were judged through the ten plagues, i.e., through Great Tribulation. The first three plagues: 1. water to blood, 2. the plague of frogs, 3. the plague of lice, were suffered by both the Egyptians and the Israelites, but the Israelites did not suffer the latter seven plagues.
(Exo 25:1,2) And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering [Heb: a present (as offered up)]: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.
1. (1 Chr 28:9) And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
2. (2 Cor 9:6,7) But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
a. cheerful = Gk: propitious or merry ("hilarious"), i.e. prompt or willing:--cheerful.
3. (Gal 6:7-9) Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
(Exo 25:3-9) And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, Oil for the light [of the candlestick], spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense, Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate. And let them make me a sanctuary [Heb: a consecrated thing or place, espec. a palace: holy place]; that I may dwell among them. According to all that I show thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.
1. tabernacle = Heb: mishkan; a residence (includ. a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, fig. the grave; also the Temple); spec. the Tabernacle (prop. its wooden walls):--dwelleth, dwelling (place), habitation, tabernacle, tent.
2. Commentary: And from where did the children get these valued offerings? When Jacob brought his family to Egypt in the wagons (wheels: a physical/spiritual journey) Pharaoh had sent 430 years previous, Jacob also brought along the few valuables that they had acquired in Canaan. During their 430 years of servitude to the Egyptians, the children of Israel quite significantly “multiplied and grew” (Exo 1:12), numerically increasing from “threescore and ten” (Gen 46:27), i.e., 70, to approximately 2 ˝ million, and they surely were able to acquire some few valuables during this lengthy stay as well. However, we may safely assume that the vast preponderance of the valuables now in the Israelites’ possession were notably derived during their last night in Egypt immediately prior (Exo 11:1-7) to the Egyptians suffering the loss of their first-born while the Israelites were, at the same time, enjoying their first Passover (Exo 12:1-30), and immediately after the Passover (Exo 12:29-37).
a. (Exo 11:1-7) And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people. And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.
b. (Exo 12:29-37) And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men. And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled [Heb: stripped] the Egyptians. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their
strength. He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not
one feeble person [symbolic of the fullness of the Spirit] among their
tribes. Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them [the Israelites]
fell upon them [the Egyptians].