in the open courtyard of the tabernacle compound exposing Elijah to both natural elements

(sun, moon, stars, wind, dirt, ravens, flesh) and spiritual elements (brasen altar, brasen laver, bread).


(1 Kings 17:1-9)  And Elijah [sometimes a type and shadow of God, sometimes us, and sometimes both] the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead [i.e., the saved congregation] [1], said unto Ahab [a type and shadow of the Antichrist] [2], As the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years [3,4], but according to my word. And the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan [Heb: descender] [i.e., the Holy Spirit]. And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook [water of the word of God: Eph 5:26]; and I have commanded the ravens [5-7] to feed thee there. So he went and did according unto the word of the LORD: for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning [the 9 am convocation], and bread and flesh in the evening [the 3 pm convocation]; and he drank of the brook [the courtyard experience of the tabernacle compound = secular/spiritual] and it came to pass after a while, that the brook dried up, because there had been no rain in the land [no new word of God for the land]. And the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, Arise, get thee to Zarephath [Heb: refinement] [8], which belongeth to Zidon [Heb: in the sense of catching fish, a fishery], and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee [to feed thee there].

  1. Gilead = Heb: heap of witness, mass of testimony. [symbolizing the Old Testament brasen altar of sacrifice, and the New Testament cross.]
  2. (1 Kings 16:30)  And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him.
  3. (Luke 4:25)  But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;
  4. (James 5:17)  Elijah was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
  5. Dictionary: raven = 1. any of several large corvine birds with lusterous black plumage and raucous voice which has been from time immemorial been considered a bird of ill omen.
  6. Dictionary:  raven = 1. to seek plunder or prey. 2. to eat or feed voraciously or greedily. 3. to have a ravenous appetite. 4. to seize as spoil or prey. 5. rapine; robbery. 6. plunder or prey.
  7. Commentary: ravens = represent professing (versus confessing) pseudo-believers who are a classic tree of good and evil mixure (mingling) of bread (good) and flesh (evil) – stony ground, New Testament carnal Christians.
    1. (1 Cor 3:1-3)  And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
    2. carnal = Gk: pertaining to flesh, (by extension) bodily, temporal, or (by implication) animal, unregenerate: - carnal, fleshly /// flesh (as stripped of the skin), (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external: carnally minded, fleshly.
  8. Zarephath = Heb: refinement /// to fuse (metal), refine [the gold and silver of you]: melt, purify, purge.




in the Holy Place of the tabernacle


(1 Kings 17:10-16)  So he arose and went to Zarephath [Heb: refinement]. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [a type and shadow of the church] was there gathering of sticks [a type and shadow of believing men willing to present themselves for a sacrifice: Rom 12:1, on the altar]: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink. And as she was going to fetch it [obedience], he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread [a type and shadow of the table of showbread] in thine hand. And she said, As the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake [a revelation], but an handful of meal [a small amount of crushed seed, as opened and understood, of the word of God] in a barrel [in a much larger but empty container], and a little oil [“the earnest”(2 Cor 1:22, 5:5) of the Holy Spirit] [a type and shadow of the golden candlestick] in a cruse [Heb: in a saucer: expand(able)]: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks [the residue of willing men], that I may go in and dress it for me and my son [“a man child” Rev 12:5, who was not (yet)], that we may eat it, and die [eat what little we know of God and die, because there has been no rain, no more word of God]. And Elijah said unto her, Fear not [i.e., have faith]; go and do as thou hast said: but make me thereof a little cake first [a type and shadow of the tithe], and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son [who still was not]. For thus saith the LORD God of Israel, The barrel of meal [crushed (opened) seed (word) of God] shall not waste [Heb: end], neither shall the cruse of oil fail [Heb: lack, lessen], until the day that the LORD sendeth rain [from heaven directly] upon the earth. And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house [of God], did eat many days [until “in the third year” of famine (no rain): 1 Kings 18:1]. And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Elijah.



            in the Most Holy Place of the tabernacle


(1 Kings 19:1-8)  And Ahab [a type and shadow of the Antichrist] told Jezebel [a type and shadow of “the abomination of desolation” Matt 24:15,21 & Rev 2:20-23; and the onset of “great tribulation” Mat 24:21; Rev 2:22] all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets [Ahab’s 450 prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:40) and Jezebel’s 400 prophets of “Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians” (2 Kings 23:13)] with the sword. Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by to morrow about this time. And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life [Matt 24:15-21], and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there. But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree [a type and shadow of the cross]: and he requested for himself that he might die [like the widow woman intended of herself and her son (who was not)]; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers. And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree [a type and shadow of the cross], behold, then an angel touched him [an impartation of Holiness], and said unto him, Arise and eat. And he looked, and, behold, there was a cake [a revelation] baken on the coals [Heavenly food prepared on “coals” John 21:9], and a cruse of water [the Holy Spirit] at his head. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again. And the angel of the LORD came again the second time [a type and shadow of our Lord’s Second Coming], and touched him [a second impartation of Holiness], and said, Arise and eat; because the journey is too great for thee. And he arose , and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat [those wonderful revelations] forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God [Mount Sinai, i.e., a type and shadow of Heaven (one aspect – the judgmental aspect of Heaven for Elijah’s experience under the Juniper tree opens the door of the Millennium)].