(Psa 23:1-6)  A Psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd [“to feed, guide and shield me” Amplif.] [1,2,3]; I shall not want [4,5]. He maketh me to lie down [without fear] in green pastures [full of lush green grass]: he leadeth me beside the still waters [peaceful pools of clean pure waters] [6]. He restoreth [quickens] my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness [paths of correct doctrines] for his name's sake [that we might glorify Him as Holy God]. Yea, though I walk through the [“deep, sunless” Amplif.] valley of the shadow [the threat] of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod [for my protection] and thy staff [for my guidance] they comfort me. Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies [that surround me]: thou anointest my head [my thoughts] with oil [of the Old Testament Holy Spirit]; my cup [of New Testment wine of the Holy Spirit] runneth over [Heb: satisfaction] [my cup is beyond the fullness of my satisfaction, destined (intended) to splash over upon others - brimming]. Surely goodness and mercy [“and unfailing love” Amplif.] shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house [and the presence] of the LORD for ever.

  1. shepherd = Heb: to tend a flock, pasture a flock; to graze; generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend): companion, keep company with, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep [sheep], pastor, shepherd.
  2. sheep = Dict: a meek, unimaginative, or easily led person /// Dict: meek, timid, or stupid person.
  3. Commentary: Sheep exemplify obedience and submission unto the Lord, and provide wool, milk, meat, and leather unto mankind.
  4. (1 Tim 6:6)  But godliness [Gk: piety: holiness ///  reverence, devout] with contentment is great gain.
  5. The Full Life Study Bible: Believers are the Lord’s sheep.We belong to Him and are the special objects of His affection and attention. Though “all we like sheep have gone astray” (Isa 53:6), he Lord has redeemed us with His shed blood (1 Pet 1:18,19), and we now belong to Him. As His sheep we can claim the promises of this psalm when we respond to His voice and follow Him.
  6. (Rev 7:17)  For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.



(John 10:1-5)  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold [Dict: an enclosure for sheep], but climbeth up some other way [of his own volition, an intrusion, an invasion], the same is a thief and a robber [guilty of breaking and entering]. But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the porter [Gk: (a watcher); a gate warden] [i.e., the Holy Spirit] openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice. And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.


(John 10:6-9)  This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them. Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. All that ever came before me are thieves [stealing your salvation from you] and robbers [of your joy]: but the sheep did not hear them. I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out [of the sheepfold], and find pasture.

  1. (Rev 3:12)  Him that overcometh [Gk: to subdue: conquer, prevail, get the victory] will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.


(John 10:10-13)  The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. But he that is an hireling [Gk: a wage worker (good or bad): hired servant], and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.


(John 10:14-18)  I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep [an expression of ultimate love]. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold [an enclosure for sheep]: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd. Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

  1. (Mark 16:15)  And he [Jesus] said unto them [His disciples], Go ye into all the world [Gk: kosmos; “cosmos” (universe)], and preach the gospel [of love] to every creature [a enormously large numerous category in which “man” is but one member].


(Luk 15:4-7)  What man of you, having [i.e., owning] an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them [to backsliding], doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness [1], and go after that which is lost, until he find it? And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my [backslidden] sheep which was lost. I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth [Gk: to reconsider, to think differently], more than over ninety and nine just [Gk: innocent, holy: righteous] persons, which need no repentance [Gk: to reconsider, to think differently].

  1. (Psa 34:7)  The angel of the LORD encampeth round about [Heb: on every side (of)] them that fear [Heb: revere] him, and delivereth them.