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(Isa 42:6,7)  I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.

(Luke 4:16-19)  And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance [freedom] to the captives [prisoners], and recovering of sight [restoration of sight] to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

1.       (Isa 61:1,2)  The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek [depressed (fig.), in mind (gentle) or circumstances (needy, espec. saintly):--humble, lowly, meek, poor]; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

2.       (Psa 68:18,19)  Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity [prisoners] captive: thou hast received gifts for men [NIV “from men” (quite incorrect – opposite actually)]; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them. Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah.

3.       (Eph 4:7,8)  But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. //// (Eph 4:11)  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; [the Hand Ministry, the Hand of God,  to do the work of the Lord]

AND TAKE THEIR PLEDGE (i.e. redeem fully: the Second Coming)

(1 Sam 17:15-18)  But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. And the Philistine [Goliath] drew near morning and evening [times of the daily sacrifices in the Tabernacle], and presented himself [for their acceptance, symbolically as their false swine (pig) sacrifice upon the brasen altar (cross) in place of the Lamb of God] forty days [the number of testing, i.e. forty years “in the church in the wilderness” Acts 7:38]. And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren; And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain [head person] of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge [i.e. fully redeem their pledge, pay in full].

1.        take = Heb: to take: accept, bring, buy, carry away, drawn, fetch, get, infold, receive (-ing), seize, send for, take (away, -ing, up), use, win.

2.        Matthew Henry’s Commentary: “And he must take their pledge, that is, if they had pawned anything, he must redeem it.”

3.        The American College Dictionary: redeem = 1. to buy or pay off; clear off by payment: to redeem a mortgage. 2. to buy back. 3. to recover (something pledged or mortgaged) by payment or other satisfaction: to redeem a pawned watch.

4.        pledge = Heb: in the sense of a bargain or exchange; something given as security, i.e. (lit.) a token (of safety) or (metaph.) a bondsman:--pledge, surety.

5.        (2 Cor 1:21,22)  Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest [pledge] of the Spirit in our hearts.

6.        earnest = Gk: a pledge, i.e. part of the purchase-money or property given in advance as security for the rest: earnest /// (in the sense of exchange); a pawn (given as security): pledge.

7.        (2 Cor 5:5)  Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest [pledge] of the Spirit.

8.        (Eph 1:13,14)  In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest [pledge] of our inheritance until the redemption [ransom in full: deliverance] of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.

9.        Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words = earnest: In general usage it came to denote “a pledge” or “earnest “ of any sort… it is said of the Holy Spirit as the divine “pledge” of all their future blessedness. In modern Greek arrabona is an “engagement ring.”


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