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(1 Sam 17:15-18)  But David [a type of Jesus] went and returned from Saul [a type of the church in apostasy] to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem [house of bread]. And the Philistine [Goliath – a type of the worldly unsaved] drew near morning and evening [times of the daily sacrifices in the Tabernacle], and presented himself [for their acceptance, symbolically as their false swine (pig) sacrifice upon the brasen altar (cross) in place of the Lamb of God] forty days [the number of testing, i.e. forty years “in the church in the wilderness” Acts 7:38]. And Jesse [extant /// to exist (a type of God – I Am)] said unto David his son [the Son of God], Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn [the Word - God the Father], and these ten loaves [the Word – God the Son], and run to the camp to thy brethren [his Second Coming]; And carry these ten cheeses [the Word – God the Holy Ghost] unto the captain [head person] of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take [take up, bring, carry away, seize (1 Thes 4:17)] their pledge [fully redeem their pledge, their earnest, i.e. pay in full].

Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words = earnest: In general usage it came to denote “a pledge” or “earnest “ of any sort… it is said of the Holy Spirit as the divine “pledge” of all their future blessedness. In modern Greek arrabona is an “engagement ring.”
1.       (2 Cor 1:21,22)  Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us [to smear or rub with oil, i.e. (by impl.) to consecrate to an office or religious service], is God; Who hath also sealed us [to stamp (with a signet or private mark) for security or preservation /// a signet (as fencing in or protecting from misappropriation)], and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
2.       (2 Cor 5:5)  Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest [a pledge, i.e. part of the purchase-money or property given in advance as security for the rest] of the Spirit.
3.       (Eph 1:13,14)  In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption [ransom in full] of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
4.       We who are born-again have received an “earnest” or “pledge” of the Holy Spirit (“and take their pledge” 1 Sam 17:18), which means EXPERIENTIALLY that we have been partially redeemed from the pawn shop of this world (Satan’s dominion, power, authority, control, command, domination). We are irrevocably engaged to the Lord, but paralleling Jewish marriage traditions of 2000 years ago, we are still living in our worldly father’s household, and the marriage covenant (syn: agreement, contract, promise, pledge) has not yet been fully consummated. Nevertheless, that marriage covenant is legal and binding by virtue of the “earnest” or “pledge” of the Spirit given and received. Further, we have been intentionally left in this world by our Lord (“I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world” John 17:15) for the specific purpose of our education: “Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it” (Prov 22:6), analogous to Moses (40/40/40), so that we may learn the difference, that is, LEARN TO DISCERN, between good and evil, and rightly judge God’s people after “our obedience if fulfilled” (2 Cor 10:6).
5.       EXPERIENTIAL REALITY is that natural reality which we are currently experiencing in our flesh and blood bodies; it is the reality that we are growing out of. POSITIONAL REALITY is that spiritual reality to which we are immediately and irrevocably eternally affixed upon the precise moment of our initial regeneration; it is the reality that we are growing into.
6.       re (Gk: again) generation = Gk: (spiritual) rebirth (the state or the act), i.e. (fig.) spiritual renovation; spec. Messianic restoration.
7.       (Titus 3:5)  Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing [a bath, (fig.) baptism] of regeneration, and renewing [(again) & renovation /// restoration] of the Holy Ghost; [Mat 19:28]
8.       (1 Ki 3:9,10)  Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad [evil]: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.
9.       (Heb 5:13,14)  For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use [practice] have their senses [organs of perception, (fig.) judgment] exercised [trained] to discern [judicial estimation] both good and evil.



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