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(1 Sam 17:40)  And he [David, “kings” Rev 1:6; 5:10: the Judah Company] took his staff in his hand [for walking, striking, guiding, divining, correction: rod, staff (of life – the Bible)], and chose him [selected (indicating discernment and maturity)] five smooth stones [“lively stones” 1 Pet 2:5: “apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher” Eph 4:11 – “priests” Rev 1:6; 5:10:  the Benjamin Company] out of the brook [running water, symbolizing the power of Holy Spirit], and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near [i.e. David crossed the water] to the Philistine [Goliath].


shepherd = Heb: to tend a flock, i.e. pasture it; intrans. to graze; gen. to rule; by extens. to associate with (as a friend): X break, companion, keep company with, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman, keep [sheep] (-er), pastor, + shearing house, shepherd.

1.       (John 10:11-14))  I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. But he that is an hireling [wage-worker (good or bad)], and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep [“Am I my brother's keeper?” Gen 4:9]. I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep [by name (v.3)], and am known of mine [i.e. His sheep are aware of and recognize and hear and obey the voice (v.4) of their shepherd].

2.       good = Gk: beautiful, but chiefly (fig.) good (lit. or mor.), i.e. valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use): X better, fair, good (-ly), honest, meet, well, worthy.

3.       (John 15:14-17)  Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for [because] all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you. These things I command you, that ye love one another.

4.       servants = Gk: a slave (lit. or fig., invol. or vol.; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subverviency): bond (-man) /// to bind (in various applications, lit. or fig.): bind, be in bonds, knit, tie. [i.e. bound by law]

5.       friends = Gk: dear, i.e. a friend; fond, i.e. friendly (an associate, neighbor, etc.). [i.e. bound by love]


bag = Heb: something prepared, i.e. any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon.


Jesus Christ is the “good shepherd.” It follows that He must therefore have a shepherd’s bag. David is a type of Jesus Christ and David was a shepherd and David had a shepherd’s bag. Therefore Jesus Christ has a shepherd’s bag too. In fact, Jesus Christ must have the antitype (fulfillment of a type) or ultimate shepherd’s bag, of which David’s was a a lesser type. What does the “good shepherd” carry in his shepherd’s bag? He carries things or items that will aid (help, assist, support, minister to, serve) his sheep.

1.       (Eph 4:11,12)  And he gave some, apostles [the golden altar]; and some, prophets [the golden candlestick]; and some, evangelists [the brazen altar]; and some, pastors [the brazen laver] and teachers [the golden table of showbread]; For the perfecting [complete furnishing] of the saints, for the work [toil (as an effort or occupation): deeds, doing, labour] of the ministry, for the edifying [architecture, i.e. a structure /// a dwelling, temple & to build] of the body of Christ:

2.       Jesus Christ carries, close to His heart, His undershepherd priests in His shepherd’s bag. His shepherd’s bag is symbolically associated with the breastplate of the high priest; BOTH ARE CONTAINERS, i.e. vessels (Mat 13:48).

3.       (1 Cor 12:28)  And God hath set some in the church, first apostles [golden altar], secondarily prophets [golden candlestick], thirdly teachers [golden table of showbread], after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.

4.       All three of the latter offices of apostle, prophet, and teacher are positioned inside the Tabernacle; the offices of pastor and evangelist are positioned inside the courtyard of the Tabernacle.

5.       (Exo 28:30)  And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim [lights (apostles, prophets, teachers)] and the Thummim [perfections (evangelists, pastors]; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.


Footprints: One night a man had a dream. He dreamed he was walking along the beach with the LORD, Across the sky flashed scenes from his life. For each scene, he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand: one belonging to him, and the other to the LORD. When the last scene of his life flashed before him, he looked back at the footprints in the sand. He noticed that many times along the path of his life there was only one set of footprints. He also noticed that it happened at the very lowest and saddest times in his life. This really bothered him and he questioned the LORD about it:

“LORD, you said that once I decided to follow you, you’d walk with me all the way. But I have noticed that during the most troublesome times in my life there is only one set of footprints. I don’t understand why when I needed you most you would leave me.”

The LORD replied: “My son, My precious child, I love you and I would never leave you. During your times of trial and suffering, when you see only one set of footprints, it was then that I carried you.” [author unknown]


Dear brothers and sisters, they are His friends, for they knoweth (understand) what their Lord doeth. The Lord’s shepherd bag contains His friends, symbolized by the five smoothed living stones (“lively stones” 1 Pet 2:5) of apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher, that David “chose him [John 15:16] out of the brook,” the running water (power) of the Holy Spirit.

1.       (Prov 27:17)  Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.


The good shepherd’s bag is the true invisible (spiritual) church. The good shepherd’s bag is the Bible, the Word of God, Jesus Christ, the Word made flesh (John 1:14). We are in Christ, and He in us. The good shepherd’s bag is the Body of Christ. Praise God! He, the Bible, the Word of God, Jesus Christ is our “hedge” (Job 1:10) for our formation, protection, and restraint. We are “shut in” to Him, for He is the ark of our salvation.

1.       (Job 1:9,10)  Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.

2.       hedge = Heb: to entwine, i.e. shut in - for formation, protection or restraint.

3.       (Gen 7:15-17)  And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in. And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth.


scrip = Heb: a travelling pouch (as if for gleanings)/// to pick up, (gen.) to gather; spec. to glean: gather (up), glean.

1.       (Lev 23:22)  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.

2.       The word “scrip” in 1 Samuel 17:40 seemingly functions as a parallel synonym for “shepherd’s bag;” however, the Hebrew meaning of “gleanings,” when added to our understanding of “shepherd’s bag,” enhances and greatly enlarges this verse with very strong end-time connotations. Gleanings are picked up or plucked up only at the end of the harvest (Ruth 2:1-23). Gleanings are always the last. “But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.” (Mat 19:30 & Mark 10:31). [First in what? Perhaps first in Service (closest) to the Lord?]

3.       (1 Th 4:17)  Then we which are alive and remain [GLEANINGS] shall be caught up [to seize: catch (away, up), pluck, pull, take (by force)] together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.


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