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(1 Sam 17:40)  And he [David, “kings” Rev 1:6; 5:10: the Judah Company] took his staff in his hand [for walking, striking, guiding, divining, correction: rod, staff (of life – the Bible)], and chose him [selected (indicating discernment and maturity)] five smooth stones [“lively stones” 1 Pet 2:5 “living stones” NKJV: “apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher” Eph 4:11 – “priests” Rev 1:6; 5:10:  the Benjamin Company] out of the brook [running water, symbolizing the power of Holy Spirit], and put them in a shepherd's bag [the True Church, the Body of Christ, i.e. containers] which he had, even in a scrip [for gleanings, pointing toward THE COMPLETE HARVEST]; and his sling was in his hand [power]: and he drew near [i.e. David crossed the water] to the Philistine [Goliath].

1.       hand = Heb: yad; a hand (the open one) [indicating power, means, direction, etc.], in distinction from kaph, the closed one).

2.       “and his sling was in his hand”: possessive pronouns indicating ownership and control. His sling was in his power, i.e. his sling was under, subservient, a servant to him and under his control.

(1 Sam 17:49)  And David put his hand in his bag [His True Church, the Body of Christ], and took thence [took from there, vs. “chose him”] a stone [one of the “five smooth stones”], and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.

1.       (Eph 4:11,12)  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

2.       The Hand Ministry (so called by some expositors). The Hand of God that Jesus Christ left on this earth for the works of His ministry when He ascended on high: for the perfecting, for the work, and for the edifying of the body of Christ. These five priestly offices of apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, and teacher are symbolically represented in the Old Testament by the “five smooth[ed] stones” that David “chose him out of the brook.” They are also represented or typified by the five “messes” (internal nourishment and anointing: Gen 43:34) and the “five changes of raiment” (exterior covering and anointing: Gen 45:22) that Benjamin (son of the right hand – a type of you and me) received from Joseph (let him add, adding – a type of Jesus Christ). These five priestly offices are also symbolically represented, respectively in the tabernacle of Moses, by the golden altar, the golden candlestick, the brazen altar, the brazen laver, and the golden table of showbread. Further, the Benjaminites were noted expert “stone slingers,” 700 of whom were so skilled in the use of the sling that with the left hand they “could sling stones at a hair breath, and not miss.” (Jud 20:16; 1 Chron 12:2).


A sling is made of a piece of leather, which is skin, with a pouch or container in the middle; a sling is analogous or corresponds to a human body having two arms. The pouch or container in the middle of the sling is our body which is becoming (a process) and being “transformed” into the Bible (Rom 12:2; Phil 1:6), i.e. the Word of God. Jesus Christ, who is our forerunner and perfect example, directly foreshadowed for us this miraculous circumstance of our transformation: “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14). Aren’t you also, one day soon, going to be glorified and “full of grace and truth?” 

The owner (Savior), and controller (Lord) of the sling of our body is Jesus Christ, typified by David in the flesh. The purpose of our arms is for “action.” The two arms of the sling of our body represent the arm of Law and the arm of Grace. Both act entirely in JUDGMENT.


The effectual creator of all action (activity, movement) is the Holy Spirit, whose power is portrayed and symbolized throughout the Bible by whirling circular motion. One such whirling circular motion is typified by a wheel. A most interesting study is to research the word “wheel(s)” in Strong’s Concordance. Wheels support wagons. A wooden (symbol of men) wagon (container) without wheels is merely a motionless box. Wheels empower the box. (Gen 45:19,21,27; 46:5). In the circumstance of a sling, the power generated by this whirling circular motion is initially restrained by Jesus Christ (David) as He firmly holds the two arms of the sling together (“Pray without ceasing” 1 Thes 5:17), thereby transferring this power to the stone. In the Bible, men are symbolized by stones. Stones are dead, i.e. without life. However, chosen men (from the foundation of the world) who at the time appointed receive the power of the Holy Spirit (Life) become born againliving stones.” Then, when the time of restraining is fulfilled, the arm of Law is released in judgment, and the empowered living stone (the transgressed Law) emerges in vengeance with deadly striking power.

1.       (2 Th 2:6-8)  And now ye know what withholdeth [“is restraining” NKJV] that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity [lawlessness] doth already work: only he who now letteth [“restrains” NKJV] will let [restrain], until he be taken out of the way. [What is being restrained?]. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth [i.e. judgment], and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming [i.e. glory]:

2.       (1 Cor 6:2,3)  Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world [kosmos; universe]? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life? 

The arm of Law (kingship) judges punishment, it divides from the Body. The arm of Grace (priesthood) judges forgiveness, it unites to the Body.

1.       (Obad 21)  And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau [i.e. flesh]; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S.

2.       (Isa 2:1-4)  The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion [kings] shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem [priests]. And he shall judge [vindicate or punish: rule] among the nations, and shall rebuke [justify or convict: convince, correct] many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares [a hoe or other digging implement], and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. [Micah 4:1,2]

3.       The Kingdom of Ephraim or Israel was composed of the ten northern tribes, The Kingdom of Judah was composed of the two southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin. The lands of Judah and Benjamin overlapped to some degree, Judah having the first and larger portion, with the city of Jerusalem residing in both their provinces. The Judah and Benjamin companies are, respectively, Kings and Priests (Rev 1:6; 5:10) in the eternal Melchizedek priesthood.

4.       (Gen 14:18)  And Melchizedek king of Salem [an early name for Jerusalem] brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

5.       (Psa 110:4)  The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

6.       (Heb 5:5,6)  So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he [God] that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.


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