Chapter 40




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(Mark 14:41-44)  And he cometh the third time [in the garden of Gethsemane: Heb: oil press], and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand. And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas [celebrated], one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. And he that betrayed him had given them a token [sign], saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss [phileo; a sign of affection], that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely [securely].

1.       Commentary: Judas = Heb: celebrated (Juda). Judas’ last name was Iscariot, which refers to his hometown of Kerioth in southern Judah. Thus Judas was a Judean, the only one of the twelve Disciples who was not from Galilee. Judas served as their treasurer and kept the treasurery “bag” (John 12:6). The religious leaders had issued a warrant for Jesus’ arrest, and Judas was acting as the official accuser.

a.       (John 12:1-8)  Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. Then took Mary a pound of ointment ["myrrh", (by impl.) perfumed oil] of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him, Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? This he said, not that he cared for the poor [i.e. he had no “compassion”]; but because he was a thief, and had the [treasurer’s] bag, and bare what was put therein. Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this. For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

b.       The Full Life Study Bible: Compassion. Compassion is an emotion which moves one to the very depth of his being. It involves a sorrow felt for another’s suffering and misfortune, accompanied by an intense desire to help. It is characteristic both of God and of His Son Jesus. In this present age of indifference to the suffering of others, Jesus expects this attitude to characterize His followers.

2.       King James Bible Commentary: The company he brought included Roman soldiers and Temple police, who were sent by the Jewish leaders named. The former carried swords, while the latter has staves (stout sticks). Judas’ greeting was that customary of a disciple to his Rabbi.

a.       (John 18:3)  Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

(Mark 14:45)  And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master [Rabbi], master [Rabbi]; and kissed him [kataphileo; to kiss earnestly].  



    1.       (John 18:4-9)  Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth,   and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground. Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way: That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

(Mark 14:46,47)  And they laid their hands on him, and took him. And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

1.       (John 18:10,11)  Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath [??]: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

2.       (Luke 22:48-51)  But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword? And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

(Mark 14:48-50)  And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled. And they all forsook him, and fled.

1.       The Full Life Study Bible: Peter and the disciples at the time of their failure were not yet under the new covenant. The new covenant did not go into effect until Christ shed His blood on the cross. Peter and the disciples had not yet experienced the new birth or regeneration by the Holy Spirit in the full N.T. sense. The Holy Spirit was not imparted to them in His indwelling and sanctifying presence until the day of Christ’s resurrection when He “breathed on them” and said to them, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost” (John 20:22). The disciples’ failure was an act of weakness rather than wickedness. When Peter and the disciples forsook Christ, they did not possess the advantage of those who are conscious of the moral implications of Christ’s sacrificial death on the cross (see Rom 6), nor did they have a sustaining faith inspired by His resurrection from the dead.

(Mark 14:51,52)  And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen [(bleached) white] cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him: And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.

1.       (Mat 19:16-22)  And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master [teacher], what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me. But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.

a.       Commentary: Compare this young man to Judas. Both earnestly desired the things of this world, the former honestly and the latter dishonestly, but neither was correct. What then should we earnestly desire?


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