Chapter 64



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(John 12:1-3)  Then Jesus six days before the passover [of His glorification] came to Bethany [Chald.: date-house], where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. Then took Mary a pound of ointment [Gk: “myrrh,” perfumed oil] of spikenard [Gk: an aromatic], very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour [Gk: fragrance] of the ointment.

1.       (Mat 26:7)  There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box [made of white gypsum] of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat.

2.       The Nelson Study Bible: Mary also anointed Jesus’ head (Mat 26:7; Mark 14:3). The custom of that time was to anoint the heads of guests. Anointing Jesus’ head was an act of honor; anointing His feet was a display of devotion. [if so, what did wiping His feet with her hair signify?]

(John 12:4-8)  Then saith one of his disciples, Judas [Heb: celebrated] Iscariot [Heb: an inhabitant of Kerioth], Simon's [Heb: hearing] son, which should betray him, Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence [i.e., approximately 300 days of labor], and given to the poor? This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the [treasury] bag, and bare what was put therein. Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying [an allusion to the white alabaster box] hath she kept this. For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

1.       (John 2:23-25)  Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. But Jesus did not commit [Gk: have faith in, trust] himself unto them, because he knew all men, And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.

(John 12:9-11)  Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. But the chief priests consulted [Gk; determined] that they might put Lazarus also to death; Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away [from the established priesthood], and believed on Jesus.

1.       The Nelson Study Bible: The chief priests were mostly Sadducees. They had an additional reason to kill Lazarus. He was a living refutation of their doctrine that there was no resurrection.

2.       (Acts 23:8)  For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.

(John 12:12-14)  On the next day [Palm Sunday] much people [2nd time] that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna [Gk: oh save! (an exclamation of adoration)]: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.

1.       The Living Bible: We celebrate this day of Jesus’ triumphal entry as Palm Sunday. Jesus entered His last week on earth riding into Jerusalem on a donkey under a canopy of palm branches, with crowds hailing Him as their king. To announce that He was indeed the Messiah, Jesus chose a time when all Israel would be gathered at Jerusalem, a place where huge crowds could see Him, and a way of proclaiming His mission that was unmistakable.

2.       (Zec 9:9)  Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just [Heb: righteous], and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass [Heb: a male ass], and upon a colt [Heb: a young ass] the foal [Heb: son] of an ass [Heb: a female ass].

3.       Dictionary: ass = a long-eared, usually ash colored mammal, related to the horse, serving as a slow, patient, sure-footed beast of burden; the donkey. [Quasimoto]

(John 12:16-22)  These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him. The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, [UNINTENTIONAL PROPHECY] Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world [Gk: kosmos] is gone after him. [SYMBOLICALLY FULFILLED] And there were certain Greeks [Gentile proselytes] among them that came up to worship at the feast: The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.

(John 12:23-26)  And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat [a kernel of wheat seed] fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal. If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.

1.       glorified = Gk: to render (or esteem) glorious (in a wide application):--(make) glorify (-ious), full of (have) glory, honour, magnify /// glory:--dignity, glory (-ious), honour, praise, worship.

(John 12:27,28)  Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.

(John 12:29-33)  The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered [natural eyes, i.e., the Sodomites]: others said, An angel spake to him [spiritual eyes, i.e., Lot]. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die.

1.       (2 Cor 4:3,4)  But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

2.       (John 3:14-16)  And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness [on the “pole”], even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

3.       (Num 21:4-9)  And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way. And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul loatheth this light bread [manna]. And the LORD sent fiery [Heb: burning, poisonous] serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died. Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, We have sinned, for we have spoken against the LORD, and against thee; pray unto the LORD, that he take away the serpents from us. And Moses prayed for the people. And the LORD said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole [a wooden stake]: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. And Moses made a serpent of brass [Heb: filthiness] [symbolically sin], and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.


Diag TROJC Ch 64

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