Chapter 74



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(Gen 15:5,6)  And he [the word of the Lord] brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell [Heb: number] the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him [Abram] for righteousness.


(Gen 22:1,2)  And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt [Heb: test] Abraham [Heb: father of a multitude (originally, Abram: exalted father)], and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am. And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac [Heb: laughter (13 years younger than Ishmael)], whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah [Heb: Jehovah provides]; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

1.       Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Ishmael = Ishmael was the father of the Ismaelites, a nomadic nation which lived in northern Arabia. Mohammed claimed Ishmael as his ancestor, as do most Arabs.

2.       Commentary: Three affiliated nations invaded the Promised Land “to destroy it” (Judg 6:5). They typified the seven-year Tribulation, and were miraculously defeated by God through Gideon. “The Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east [Arabs] (Judg 6:3).” In the eighth chapter of Judges, these three nations are compositely referred to as “Ishmaelites (Judg 8:24).” 

3.       Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Moriah = The hill at Jerusalem where Solomon built “the house of the Lord,” the Temple. The Jews believe the altar of burnt offering in the Temple at Jerusalem was situated on the exact site of the altar on which Abraham intended to sacrifice Isaac. The Muslim mosque, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, presently is situated on this site.

4.       Commentary: Mount Moriah, along with Mount Zion and Mount Ophel are the three mounts composing Jerusalem. The altar of burnt offering is no longer situate on Mount Moriah, nor anywhere else. In the Muslim Koran, Ishmael is substituted for Isaac in the account of Genesis 22:1-19, and therefore Ishmael is the promised son according to the Muslims, and not Isaac.

5.       (Gen 16:11,12)  And the angel of the LORD said unto her [Hagar the Egyptian], Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.


(Gen 22:3)  And Abraham rose up [Heb: to incline (the shoulder to a burden)] early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave [Heb: cut] the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up [Heb: endured], and went unto the place of which God had told him.


(Gen 22:4-8)  Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass [this is the temporary separation of the shepherds from the sheep]; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you [a type of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ]. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering [from the young men], and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife [from the young men. Both Abraham and Isaac are now laboring without assistance – shepherd’s work]; and they went both of them together. And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

1.       (Hosea 6:1,2)  Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days [i.e., after two thousand years (2 Pet 3:8)] will he revive [Heb: recover, repair, restore] us: in [not “at the beginning of”] the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight [forever].


(Gen 22:9-12)  And they came to the place which God had told him of [Mount Moriah]; and Abraham built an altar there [as Solomon did the Temple], and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.


(Gen 22:13,14)  And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.  And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh [Heb: The LORD will provide]: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.


(Gen 22:15-19)  And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.


(Acts 13:26)  Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.


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