DAVID AND GOLIATH: THE SPIRIT OF FAITH AND THE SPIRIT OF FEAR - CHAPTER 5
THE ANCESTRY OF GOLIATH’S SPEAR
(1 Sam 17:5-7) And he had an helmet of brass [brazen: symbol of sin: the brazen altar of sacrifice (the brazen serpent on the cross) “and the brazen grate for it” Exo 38:30] upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail [covered with jointed plates of metal (like fish scales)]; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass [125–194 lbs]. And he had greaves of brass [a shin-piece of armor] upon his legs, and a target of brass [Dakes: “a plate of brass covering the chest”] between his shoulders. And the staff [pierce, shaft] of his spear [a lance (for thrusting) - Cain] was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron [17-23 lbs]: and one bearing a shield went before him.[comp. Eph 6:10-20 “Put on the whole armour of God” – both relate six pieces of armor; comp. the armor of filthiness (brass - sin) and the armor of righteousness]
“THE STAFF OF HIS SPEAR”
THE WOODEN SHAFT OF EVIL MEN EXTENDS FROM CAIN INTO THIS MOMENT
(Gen 4:16-21) And Cain [spear (father of false religion: Gen 4:3); possessed (Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary)] went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod [vagrancy /// exile: wandering /// vagabond], on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch [dedicated, disciplined, well-regulated]: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch. And unto Enoch was born Irad [fugitive]: and Irad begat Mehujael [smitten of God]: and Mehujael begat Methusael [God demands his death]: and Methusael begat Lamech [poor, made low, smitten]. And Lamech took unto him two wives [polygamy]: the name of the one was Adah [ornament (connotative of seduction)], and the name of the other Zillah [shadow, shadiness (connotative of fear)]. And Adah bare Jabal [a stream, to flow]: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle [livestock: flock, herd]. And his brother's name was Jubal [to flow, stream]: he was the father of all such as handle the harp [stringed instrument] and organ [wind instrument].
1. Cain = Heb: in the orig. sense of fixity; a lance (as striking fast):--spear /// to strike a musical note, i.e. chant or wail (at a funeral):--lament, mourning woman.
2. Enoch #1 (Gen 4:17) is son of Cain in the lineage of Cain. Enoch #2 (Gen 5:18) is the son of Jared in the lineage of Seth; the 7th from Adam in Seth’s line “who walked with God.”
3. Lamech: The 7th from Adam in Cain’s line who was the first polygamist and second murderer.
4. (Gen 2:24,25) Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
5. Jabal = father of nomads – exile: wanderers, vagabonds, roaming; these walk in DISOBEDIENCE to God and do not sow seed, or farm the land, as God instructed man to do in the Garden of Eden. (Gen 2:15) “And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it [serve, worship] and to keep it [guard, protect].” The woman, the wife, is the land (Isa 62:4; Jer 3:1; Hosea 1:2); one parcel of land to each man.
6. Jubal = father of music – a distinction associated with Lucifer. (Isa 14:11,12) Thy pomp [PRIDE] is brought down to the grave, and the noise [sound] of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
7. viol = Heb: a skin-bag for liquids (from collapsing when empty); also a lyre: psaltery /// to wilt; gen. to fall away [Luke 8:13], fail, faint; fig. to be foolish or (mor.) wicked; to despise, disgrace:--disgrace, dishonour, lightly esteem, fade (away, -ing), fall (down, -ling, off), do foolishly, come to nought, X surely, make vile, wither.
8. (1 Tim 4:1) Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils [i.e. Jabal and Jubal, weakening the nations];
THE IRON HEAD OF THE SPEAR (THE IRON OF JUDGMENT)
(Gen 4:22) And Zillah [shadow, shadiness /// (through the idea of hovering over)], she also bare Tubalcain [flow or stream of Cain], an instructor [to hammer out (an edge), i.e. to sharpen: whet] of every artificer [fabricator /// worker] in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah [pleasantness, pleasure, delight].
1. Tubalcain – father of metal-smiths, son of Zillah (connotation of FEAR), was the instructor of every worker in brass (sin) and iron (worldly judgment), i.e. metal weapons. (Psa 23:4) “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil”
GREAT PRIDE, AND THE SECOND MURDER
(Gen 4:23,24) And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain [killed] a man to my wounding [“for wounding me” NKJV], and a young man to my hurt [“for hurting me” NKJV]. If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
1. Lamech (type of Goliath) walks in DISOBEDIENCE and PRIDE, and he MAGNIFIES FEAR
2. Nelson Study Bible: What follows is a boastful taunt song that captures the violent spirit of Lamech. The words of Lamech are poetic, making the passage memorable and powerful. “I have killed a man.” In this boast, Lamech indicates that he has followed in the worst pattern of his ancestor Cain. In his wicked braggadocio, he taunted God by his words “seventy and sevenfold.” Whereas the Lord would bring vengeance of the slayer of Cain “sevenfold,” Lamech boasted that by himself he would greatly magnify the vengeance on anyone who attacked him.
3. Hebrew Greek Key Study Bible, by Zodhiates: This particular outburst by Lamech showed a proud and presumptuous self-confidence. This was the boast of a bold, bad man who was elated with the possession of arms which his son Tubalcain [flow or stream of Cain] had invented. He felt he could take a human life at will.
BUT GOD HAD OTHER PLANS
(Gen 4:25,26) And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth [substituted]: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon [to call out to: preach, proclaim] the name of the LORD.
1. Enos = Heb: man /// to be frail, feeble, or (fig.) melancholy: desperate (-ly wicked), incurable, sick, woeful. [all of which produces - humility]
2. The foundation upon which the entire story and genealogy of Cain rests is pride, i.e. rebellion against God, personified in Goliath.